Presentation on theme: "Social Studies Homework Read p. 148-151 – Write definitions in back of spiral."— Presentation transcript:
Social Studies Homework Read p. 148-151 – Write definitions in back of spiral
Social Studies Think Pair Share Tell about a time when you felt like you were so different from someone that you were living in separate worlds.
Worlds Apart Understanding the Causes of the Civil War
Slavery in the U.S.A. long history – All 13 colonies allowed slavery After the War for Independence, several Northern states passed laws to abolish slavery. At the Constitutional Convention, some delegates tried to also stop slavery.
Growth of Slavery George Mason, a slave owner from VA, called slavery a national sin. Delegates at the Continental Congress could not agree to end slavery. However, changes in southern farming caused slavery to grow.
Cotton Gin With the invention of the Cotton Gin, southern farmers wanted more enslaved people to work in their cotton field. (Most Important Crop.) Plantations owners used their profits to buy more land and more slaves.
Resistance to Slavery Nat Turner led a rebellion against slave owners. – 59 people killed After the rebellion, southern states passed laws to control both enslaved and free blacks. – Ex: Black ministers could not preach without a white person present.
Resistance to Slavery Slavery became a source of deep conflict between the North and South. – Southerners argued that slavery was too important to their economy to give up slavery.
North & South different economics. South: – agricultural and farming cotton and cattle North: – Factories textiles, shoes, tools, and other goods.
Tariff tariff : tax on imported goods. Between 1816-1832, Congress passed high tariffs on goods made outside the country. – good for northern industry – they did not help the South South had less industry.
States Rights John C. Calhoun of South Carolina believed the Constitution did not allow the federal government to create tariffs. He argued for states should make the final decisions about themselves. – States had the right to veto tariffs.
Disagreements Disagreements over slavery, tariffs, and other economic issues increased sectionalism – Loyalty to one part of the county
Lesson Review Slavery grew with the demand of cotton. Tariffs helped the growing number of northern factories. The North and South argued over slavery, tariffs, and states rights.
Show What you Know! Group Work Create a T-Chart showing the differences between the North and South – Use textbook p. 140-143 – Include information about ways of life, economy, views about government and slavery Individual Work Define the following words in your S.S. spiral – Tariff – States rights – sectionalism