Kinds of Sentences ► Write Declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory to identify each sentence below. ► 1. Have you heard about the horse Clever Hans? ► 2. Could it really count and read? ► 3. Its owner gave signals to the horse. ► 4. What a good trick it was! ► 5. Read an article about the horse.
Declarative ► A declarative sentence makes a statement. It ends with a period. ► Example: Edgar Allan Poe wrote suspenseful short stories.
Interrogative ► An interrogative sentence asks a question. It ends with a question mark. ► Example: Did Poe also write poetry?
Imperative ► An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request. It ends with a period. ► Example: Read “The Pit and the Pendulum.”
Exclamatory ► An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation point. ► Example: What a great writer Poe was! How I enjoy his stories!
Complete Sentences vs. Sentence Fragments ► Every sentence has two parts: a subject and a predicate. Together, they express a complete thought. ► Example: Emily Dickinson wrote poetry. Emily Dickinson is the subject of the sentence. Wrote poetry is the predicate.
Subject vs. Predicate ► The subject part of a sentence names whom or what the sentence is about. ► The predicate part of a sentence tells what the subject does or has. It can also tell what the subject is or is like. ► Identify the subject and predicate in each of the following sentences: A musical is a play set to music. We saw a musical last week.
Sentence Fragments ► A sentence fragment does not express a complete thought. It may also be missing a subject, predicate, or both. ► Examples: The poems. Wrote about her emotions. Of meaning.