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What is Science ? Chapter 1.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Science ? Chapter 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Science ? Chapter 1

2 Thinking Like a Scientist
Science- a way of learning about the natural world Scientists use several skills to understand this world: Observing Inferring Predicting Scientific attitudes

3 Observation How do you observe the world around you?
Observation uses one or more of your senses: Sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste. Writing down your observation it’s important to be extremely clear and descriptive as possible.

4 Inferring Inferring is to explain or interpret what you already know based on reasoning; also called an inference. This is not a wild guess. Always based on information you already know Not always correct

5 Predicting Predicting is an idea of what will happen in the future based on past experiences or evidence. A scientist must have gathered information on a topic, also called observation, and then can make a prediction.

6 Scientific Attitudes Curiosity-asking questions no one has before
Honesty-reporting finding truthfully Open-mindedness-accepting new and different ideas Skepticism-doubt new ideas until fully tested Creativity-new ways and ideas to solve problems

7 Scientific Inquiry Scientific inquiry- when scientists study the natural world and come up with explanations based on evidence that they have gathered. 5 steps (also called the Scientific Method) Posing Questions Developing a Hypothesis Designing an Experiment Collecting and Interpreting Data Drawing Conclusions

8 Inquiry starts after an observation and inferences and questions will be posed.
Coming up with an answer to those questions is a hypothesis, or an educated guess on what the explanation of the observations and evidence. A hypothesis must be testable

9 Designing an Experiment!
A scientist will design an experiment to test their hypothesis. First a scientist will develop a controlled experiment Conditions are established and controlled by the scientist Variables - a factor that can change in an experiment- will be determined to see what effects the experiment.

10 Describe a controlled experiment:
A test of a hypothesis under conditions established by the scientist. The scientist will determine how one variable affects the outcome of the experiment. Controlling variables allows scientists not worry about the effects of other variables in the results of the experiment.

11 Manipulated variable- a variable or factor that the scientist changes in the experiment
Responding variable- the variable or factor that changes or responds to the variable that the scientist changes (the manipulated variable). Data- Facts, figures and other evidence gathered through observation.

12 So what is the ultimate goal of science?
To develop concepts that help explain observations and how the natural world works What is a scientific theory? A well tested scientific concept that explains a wide range of observations. Name some scientific theories: Atomic theory, plate tectonics, evolution, Is global warming an idea or a theory?

13 Name some scientific laws:
What is scientific law? A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions Name some scientific laws: Gravity, the speed of light, the gas laws, superposition, thermodynamics.

14 Here are my definitions:
Theory- the most logical explanation for events that happen in nature. Law- A statement of fact that has been tested many times and is accepted as true with no exceptions. Scientific method- A systematic approach to problem solving.

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