2 Timeline: Running for the Presidency 24 monthsbefore election6 monthsbefore election12 monthsbefore electionNovember electionThe Decision to RunGathering support andmoney; testing the waters;announcing candidaciesPrimaries and CaucusesFebruary to Juneopen primariesclosed primariescaucusesWinning DelegatesElimination of allcandidates except oneParty ConventionJuly to Augustformal selection ofparty nominees at thenational conventionsparty platform adoptedvice presidential nominationGeneral Stage ElectionAugust to Novembercampaigningmedia appearancesdebates
4 Party Caucuses Caucus - closed meeting of party members in each state Michel Bachman campaigns in IowaCaucus - closed meeting of party members in each stateDelegates select the party’s choice for presidential candidateCurrently, six states hold party caucuses to select presidential nominees.
5 Presidential Primaries Presidential Primary Elections - special elections in which voters select candidates to be the party’s nominee for president in the general election.Primary Season: January-June of election yearState party organizations decide the rules for the primaries in a particular state
6 Closed Primary vs. Open Primary A registered voter may vote in any party primary regardless of his or her own party affiliationCrossover voters – voters who usually vote for one party, vote in the primary election of the other partyExamples: Michigan, Texas, Virginia, WashingtonVoters may vote in a party's primary only if they are registered members of that partyExamples: California, Florida, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania
7 Methods of Selecting Presidential Delegates by State
9 Step 2: Win the General Election Elections between candidates of opposing parties“The battle for the center” as candidates vie for independent, more moderate voters?
10 Getting ElectedThe system used to elect the President is called the ELECTORAL COLLEGERepresentatives from each state select the presidentThe winner is determined by the number of electoral college votes, NOT the popular vote# of Electors = senators + representatives
11 So, what about the popular vote? On election day (the first Tuesday in November), the American people vote for the candidate of their choice – this is known as the POPULAR VOTE (the vote of the people)The popular votes are countedIn most states, the candidate who wins the most popular votes gets all the electoral votes in the state – for example, if most of the people in California vote for Candidate X, then Candidate X gets all 55 electoral votes
12 Commonly Asked Questions Do electors actually cast their vote?It’s usually a formality, but in December, the electors representing the candidate who won their state’s popular vote meet in their state capital and cast their votesThe results of the national election become official when the stats’ electoral ballots are counted before a joint session of Congress on January 6thThe winners are sworn in on Inauguration Day, which is always January 20thCan one candidate win the popular vote and another win the electoral vote?Yes, and the electoral vote determines who will be PresidentIt happened most recently in 2000, when Al Gore won the popular vote but George W. Bush won the electoral vote and thus the White HouseIt’s happened only three other times: 1824, 1876, 1888
13 (or the vote goes to the House of Representatives) 270/538 needed to win(or the vote goes to the House of Representatives)
16 “NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!!” Washington, D.C.Washington, D.C. has 3 electoral votes; however, it has no Senators or members in the House of Representatives…Why is this strange?Since DC has no senators and no members in the House, it should not have any electoral votes. However, since people living in the District do pay taxes and share the same responsibilities as other US citizens, they must be given the right to participate and have a voice in presidential elections.“NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!!”
17 Step 3: Presidential Inauguration January 20 – Presidential inauguration