Presentation on theme: "How to become President of the United States"— Presentation transcript:
1 How to become President of the United States The road to the white house
2 How are Primary and General Elections different? Essential QuestionHow are Primary and General Elections different?
3 What are five things you would look for in a president? Education?Character?Military experience?Previous government experience?Age?Personality?Gender?Marital Status?Religion?Criminal history?What else would be important to you?
4 What does the Constitution say about who can be president? The President must be:Do you agree with the Constitutional qualifications?
6 How to become President of the United States People with similar ideas group together and form political parties…There are many people who have their own ideas about how government should work.STEP 1Primaries and CaucusesWhat are the two main political parties in the United States today?
7 STEP 1 How to become President of the United States Candidates from each party campaign to gain leadership within their own party.STEP 1Primaries and CaucusesMultiple people from each party may decide they want to be the candidate.This is where primaries and caucuses come in.
8 STEP 1 How to become President of the United States Most states hold a primary, in which voters cast secret ballots for the best candidate that will represent the party in the general election.STEP 1Primaries and CaucusesOpen and closed primariesClick HERE to read more about primaries.This is where voters can cast their vote to determine who will represent each party.
9 STEP 1 How to become President of the United States In some states, a caucus is held to select the best candidate from each party through discussions and open votes.STEP 1Primaries and CaucusesAlaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, North Dakota, Wyoming and IowaClick HERE to read more about caucuses.Which states hold caucuses?Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, North Dakota, Wyoming and Iowa
10 Step 2: National Conventions Now it’s time to officially decide who will be the Presidential and Vice Presidential candidate for each party.
11 How to become President of the United States Each party holds a national convention to select a final presidential nominee.STEP 2National ConventionsPhoto from:Photo from:
12 How to become President of the United States At the convention, the Presidential candidate announces a running mate (Vice Presidential Candidate).STEP 2National ConventionsPhoto from:Photo from:What do you think a Presidential candidate is looking for in a Vice President?
14 STEP 3 How to become President of the United States The Presidential candidates campaign throughout the country to win the support of the general population.STEP 3CampaigningWhat do you think about the campaign ads you have seen?
16 STEP 4 What is the Electoral College? Who are electors? How to become President of the United StatesPeople in every state across the country vote for a President and Vice President.When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people known as electors who are part of the process called the Electoral College .STEP 4General ElectionWhat is the Electoral College?Who are electors?
18 How to become President of the United States In the Electoral College system, each state gets a certain number of electors based on its representation in Congress.STEP 5Electoral College
19 The Electoral College Why 538? Why 29? 435* + 100 + 3 = 538 In Florida, electors are nominated by their political party and approved by the Governor. Because Florida has 29 electoral votes, each party (Democrat and Republican) is allowed to appoint 29 electors.The Electoral College is a system where 538 electors cast votes to decide who will be the President and Vice President.Why 538?Why 29?This is the total of the members of the U.S. House of Representatives,the U.S. Senate,and three votes for the District of Columbia.Florida has 27 Congressional Districts (FL gained two districts due to a population increase) and 2 Senators….for a total of 29.Public Law 62-5 says that 435 will be the number in the House of Representatives. This number does not change, rather other states lose seats as states gain seats in the House. See number 7 on the Office of the Clerk FAQ page (linked above).435* = 538Public Law 62-5 says that 435 will be the number in the House of Representatives. This number does not change, rather other states lose seats as states gain seats in the House.
20 For example, in Florida: Candidate A loses the race for that state. The Electoral CollegeWhichever candidate receives the popular (majority) vote in a state (>50%), wins the electoral votes.For example, in Florida:Candidate ACandidate B48 of the 50 states use this “winner take all system”. Maine and Nebraska use what is called the District system in which one electoral vote is awarded to each candidate winning the popular vote in each congressional district and the two remaining votes are awarded to the candidates with the most votes statewide.29 Electors29 ElectorsIf candidate B wins more than 50% of the popular vote, their 29 electors get to cast their votes for that Candidate.Candidate A loses the race for that state.
21 STEP 5 How to become President of the United States Each elector casts one vote following the general election, and the candidate who gets more than half (270 of 538) wins.STEP 5Electoral CollegeFlorida has 29 electoral votes.
22 The newly elected President and Vice President are inaugurated (sworn into office) in January. And the winner is…Note: Inauguration Day by law is January 20th. However, since the 20th is a Sunday, a private ceremony will be held on January 20th, with a public inauguration taking place on January 21st,
23 Comparing Electoral College models: Which is better? What Do you Think?Comparing Electoral College models: Which is better?
24 Which Model is better? Winner Take All The District system More than 50% of the popular vote wins ALL of the elector votes48 of the states use this systemOne electoral vote is awarded to each candidate winning the popular vote in each congressional district *The two remaining votes are awarded to the candidates with the most votes statewideMaine and Nebraska use this system*Remember, the number of electors are based on the number of members in the United States House of Representatives (who represent congressional districts within a state)…… and two U.S. Senators.