Verbs A word or group of words that expresses an action or condition Action Verbs: run, jump, punch, sing Linking Verbs: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been Helping Verbs: have, has, had, can, may, will, shall
Articles One of three commonly used adjectives: A An The
Prepositions a word usually preceding (coming before) a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in “the man on the platform” and “she arrived after dinner.”
Important Tips The main parts of the sentence (like a subject and verb) are NEVER inside a prepositional phrase. It helps to identify ALL of the prepositional phrases first and eliminate them from the sentence before analyzing it. To remove a prepositional phrase from the sentence, place [brackets] around the phrase, beginning with the preposition and ending with the object of the preposition.
In case of rain we will take our umbrellas to the game. [In case] [of rain] we will take our umbrellas [to the game.] Prepositions: In, of, to Objects of Prepositions: case, rain, game Subject: we (the word or group of words in a sentence that tells whom or what the sentence is about) Verbs: will take Article: the Example:
A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a _______________ and ends with a ____________ or _______________. The noun or pronoun that ends this type of phrase is called the _____________________________. The main part of a sentence (like the subject and verb) are _______________ inside a prepositional phrase, so it helps to find all the prepositional phrases first and eliminate them from the sentence before analyzing it.