Presentation on theme: "Immigration 1880-1930 EQ: Why Did Immigrants come to the United States?"— Presentation transcript:
Immigration 1880-1930 EQ: Why Did Immigrants come to the United States?
prejudice: an unfair, negative opinion about a group of people. immigrant: a person who leaves one country to settle permanently. Ellis Island: the first stop as an immigrant from Europe. Located off the coast of New York City. Angel Island: the first stop as an immigrant from Asia. Located in the San Francisco. diversity: many different types of people. Vocabulary: Handout and Discuss
●A person who leaves one country to settle permanently is an immigrant. ●Many people immigrated to the United States to escape prejudice, an unfair, negative opinion about a group of people. ●When I immigrated to the United States from Europe my first stop was Ellis Island where I waited in several lines in order to be admitted into New York City.
●to find work ●religious freedom ●escape an oppressive government ●natural disasters ●to flee a wartorn country ●wanted land of their own ●by force-against their will Reasons for Immigration:
**Many people wanted to escape poverty, unemployment, and hunger. **America was the “Land of Opportunity” Wanted to make a better life for their family. To Find Work
Some people, such as Jews and Protestants, came to escape mistreatment because of religion – ex: Jews during Holocaust Today America is made up of people of many faiths – Diverse! In search of Religious Freedom
*To find more freedom *Voting and civil rights *Escape powerful leaders *Escape violence or injustice *Different political beliefs *America is known as the “Land of the Free”. To Escape an Oppressive Government
Many Irish immigrants came to America in the 1800s to escape the potato famine Ex: Hurricanes, Typhoons, Flooding, Droughts, Tsunamis, Disease Epidemics, Hunger To Escape Natural Disasters
When a country goes to war, many families leave to find a safer place to live. After war a country can be destroyed physically and economically Ex: Jews during World War II To Flee a War torn Country
Many countries in Europe were becoming overpopulated and good farmland was getting harder to find. America was still developing and had lots of land. To Get Land of their Own
Millions of Africans were brought to America against their will and forced to be slaves. They were unwilling Immigrants. By Force
Immigrants Immigrants came to the U.S. for different reasons:
EQ: Where did immigrants come from? Country:Number of Immigrants Italy4,600,000 Austria-Hungary4,000,000 Russia3,300,000 Germany2,800,000 Britain2,300,000 Sweden1,100,000 Canada2,300,000 Immigration from 1880-1930
Most ships carrying immigrants from Europe landed in NY. Most immigrants were taken by ferry boat to Ellis Island in NY harbor before getting permission to enter the U.S.
Most ships carrying immigrants from Asia landed at Angel Island in San Francisco, California. Many Japanese and Chinese immigrants were detained at Angel Island.
EQ: Where did Immigrants settle? Many immigrants moved to neighborhoods where there were other people from their homeland. Many settled in these large cities: New York City Boston Pittsburgh Chicago Many found jobs on railroads, in factories, and mines. Some started their own businesses
By the early 1900’s, more than half of the people in most big cities were immigrants or immigrant’s children. In 1924, the U.S. passed new laws to limit the number of immigrants who could enter the country each year.
Labor Immigrants and Americans found hard times working in factories and mines.
Children worked 12 or more hours a day for just 10-20 cents a day There was no time for school and working conditions were unhealthy and dangerous
Examples of Prejudice – unfair negative opinion about a group of people Burning of catholic Churches Chinese – not getting citizenship Low pay Unsafe working conditions Poor Housing Gangs Discrimination based on religion
Labor unions were started to gain improved working conditions and better wages, and to end child labor People like Samuel Gompers helped organize labor unions to protect workers Workers organized strikes, refusing to work until owners met their needs.
John and Frida Hettel Mrs. Morris’ Grandparents