12 Where did the majority of Immigrants to the United States originate from? Between 1865 and 1890, the vast majority of immigrants came from Europe, with the majority of those coming from the northwest and central countries.Ireland, Great Britain, Germany, PolandBetween 1890 and 1920, the vast majority of Immigrants came from central, southern, and eastern Europe, and to a lesser extent, the Middle EastRussia, Bulgaria, Italy, Turkey
16 Why did emigrants leave their homelands? (Push Causes) Issues in the homeland included:Unemployment and/or Low wagesWarNatural DisastersPolitical TurmoilReligious PersecutionEthnic Cleansing/GenocidePoor ClimateCriminal EscapeesFamine, Drought
17 Plentiful land at relatively cheap prices Why was the United States the most popular destination for Immigrants from ? (Pull Causes)Plentiful land at relatively cheap pricesAn abundance of jobs, many not requiring specific skillsReligious and political freedomsNo warsLower tax ratesEducation opportunitiesMedical treatment
18 Where did Immigrants enter the United States? Major port cities of entry for immigrants included:New York (70% of all immigrants)BostonPhiladelphiaBaltimoreSan FranciscoSeattle
19 The Migration JourneyFrom Europe: What were the requirements set by the American government for those wishing to begin the journey to America?Exclusion: Was anyone kept from coming to America, and why?The Journey: What was the journey to America like for those making the voyage?Arrival: What was life like for the new immigrants to America?Citizenship: What is the process for immigrants to become citizens of America?
20 Limiting ImmigrationWhy would the government limit the amount of immigrants coming into the United States?Racism and PrejudicesEconomicsDid Immigrants lower wages, drive property values down, and were illegals an expense on tax payers? Did they take all of the menial jobs, take too many of the good jobs, etc.WarOverpopulation
21 Limiting ImmigrationHow do you limit the amount of immigrants coming into a country?Quotas - the share or proportion assigned to each in a division or to each member of a bodyExclusions - to prevent or restrict the entrance of
22 Quotas were used to either limit to overall flow of immigrants into the US, or to put specific limits on the amount of people from a particular country or region of the worldExclusions were used to prohibit specific groups from emigrating to the US entirely
23 Example of a QuotaImmigration Act of 1924 – the 1890 US Census totaled the amount of immigrants in the US, and then restricted immigration to 2% of each individual group’s totalIE. There were 200,000 Italian immigrants in the US in Only 4,000 Italians were allowed entry each year.
24 Examples of Exclusions In 1875, Congress banned criminals and prostitutes from entering the USIn 1882, “idiots” and “lunatics” and those “at risk” for becoming a public problem were banned from entering the USIn 1891, “paupers”, “polygamists” and the “diseased” were banned from entering the US
25 Examples of Exclusions Chinese Exclusion Act – pressured by US labor unions, the US Congress prohibit Chinese workers from entering the US. It was instituted from 1882 to 1902, and then became a permanent ban until From 1943 to 1965, only 105 Chinese immigrants were allowed per year.Webb Alien Land Law – in 1913, California banned non-citizen Asians from owning farmland