2 Why America? On your own…think about this question Of all the places in the world people could immigrate to, why do the vast majority choose to come to the United States?Now pair up with someone and write down your combined answer to the question.Time to share with the class!
3 Arriving in America25 million immigrants moved to the US between 1880 and 1924Old immigrants (before 1880): Western and Northern EuropeNew Immigrants (after 1880): Southern and Eastern Europe, MexicoCame looking for work!Came to escape war or persecution (unfair treatment or punishment)Came for greater political freedom
5 Immigration stationsOnce immigrants arrived in the United States, they went through places like…Ellis Island: in New York harbor (Statue of Liberty) for immigrants coming from EuropeAngel Island: in San Francisco Bay, for immigrants coming from Asia
7 Stations, cont.Once they arrived, government workers asked immigrants where they planned to live and workDoctors would examine immigrants for diseasesAlmost all Europeans were allowed to enter the United StatesAsians immigrants faced more prejudiceForced to stay for weeks, months or even years at Angel Island before being allowed to enter USAbout 25% were forced to return to home country
8 Living in a new countryAfter entering, most immigrants settled near family or friendsIn big cities whole neighborhoods were made of one single ethnic group (a group of people who share a culture or a language)Life was difficult!Worked in dangerous steel millsWorked in noisy, dirty factoriesWorked long hours for very low pay
9 Life, cont.Many lived in tenements (a poorly built apartment building)Very crowded and unsafeOften without windows or running water
10 Hard Times for Immigrants As neighborhoods changed, immigrants faced prejudiceEmployers liked to hire immigrantsWorked hard for little paySome worried about losing jobs to immigrantsblsciblogs.baruch.cuny.edu
11 Laws against Immigration Congress started limiting immigration in 1882Chinese Exclusion ActMore laws passed in early 1920s lowering the number of European immigrantsDespite laws, immigrants helped with United States to become one of the richest and fastest growing country in the world