 # FORCES FORCES TYPES OF FORCES FREE BODY DIAGRAMS DETERMINING NET FORCE.

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FORCES FORCES TYPES OF FORCES FREE BODY DIAGRAMS DETERMINING NET FORCE

FORCES A force is a push or pull acting upon an object A force is a push or pull acting upon an object Contact forces = Friction Contact forces = Friction Tension Tension Normal Normal Air Resistance Air Resistance Applied force Applied force Spring force Spring force Distance forces = gravitational, electrical, Distance forces = gravitational, electrical, magnetic magnetic

TYPES OF FORCES Applied force = force applied to an object by a person or other object Gravity force = weight = attractive force between two objects F grav =m x gm=mass(kg) g=9.8m/s 2 Normal force = the support force exerted upon an object which is in contact with another stable object

TYPES OF FORCES = force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching surfaces Friction = force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching surfaces = force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past each other Static friction = force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past each other = special type of frictional force - acts on objects as they travel through air Air resistance = special type of frictional force - acts on objects as they travel through air = force which is transmitted through a string,rope, cable or wire when it is pulled tight by forces acting from opposite ends Tension Force = force which is transmitted through a string,rope, cable or wire when it is pulled tight by forces acting from opposite ends

FREE BODY DIAGRAMS Used to show the relative size and direction of all forces acting upon an object in a given situation Used to show the relative size and direction of all forces acting upon an object in a given situation Size of the arrow reflects the size of the force Size of the arrow reflects the size of the force The direction of the arrow shows the direction which the force is acting The direction of the arrow shows the direction which the force is acting All force arrows are labeled to show the exact type of force All force arrows are labeled to show the exact type of force Represent the object with a box and draw the force arrows from the box outward Represent the object with a box and draw the force arrows from the box outward

FREE BODY DIAGRAMS F app F grav F frict F norm There can be any number of forces acting on the object Now do the practice problems work sheet.

Determining Net Force = an object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an Newton #1 = an object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force Free body diagrams are used to determine if there is an unbalanced force in a given situation

Determining Net Force F tens=1200N F grav=800N F air=600N F grav=800N F grav=50N F frict=20N F norm= 50N The net force is the sum of all the forces that act on an object. See examples

Net Force - examples F app= 5N F grav= 3 N Ffrict=5N F norm= 3N F net = ? F norm = 3 N F grav = 3N F frict= 5 N F net = ?

Net Force - examples B A 50 N 200 N If F net = 0 N Find the value for A and B

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