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Evaluation of ESF Support for Roma integration Dominique Bé EURoma, 10 November 2011, Budapest.

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Presentation on theme: "Evaluation of ESF Support for Roma integration Dominique Bé EURoma, 10 November 2011, Budapest."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evaluation of ESF Support for Roma integration Dominique Bé EURoma, 10 November 2011, Budapest

2 Methodology part of wider evaluation of ESF Support for inclusion of migrants & ethnic minorities ESF 2000-2006 & 2007-2013 ESF EQUAL 2000-2006 mainly based on interviews (because lack of data)

3 Aims labour market integration & social inclusion of Roma assess ESF contribution identify most effective means of tackling barriers provide guidelines to implement 2007-13 ESF make recommendations for 2014-20 ESF

4 Overall evaluation increased focus of ESF to promoting Roma labour market integration in 2007-2013 compared with 2000-2006 OP strategies increased financial allocation increased ESF allocation to Roma specific actions but n° EU countries supporting Roma specific measures has not increased because explicit but not exclusive targeting approach ESF multiannual programming long-term approach EQUAL more integrated approach

5 Overall evaluation lack of reliable data on ESF spending for Roma integration Roma participation in ESF measures impact of ESF measures lack of culture of monitoring & evaluation in ESF no reduction of unemployment among Roma persistent 40-90% unemployment rate multi-dimensional barriers to labour market participation of Roma closing the gap could take 10-20 years

6 Evaluation Achievements for individuals because of distance from labour market limited hard outcomes but soft outcomes: basic employability skills, self confidence, interpersonal skills, etc. need for job placements but challenge of transition to real jobs self-employment schemes but lack of ESF microfinance vocational training (construction, care, etc.) languages skills for migrating Roma

7 Evaluation Achievements for systems & structures move towards: personalised employment pathways rather than one-off measures integrated approaches employment + education + health + housing targeting job-seekers but also families closer cooperation with Roma NGOs desegregation of schools growing awareness about Roma discrimination but sustainability of projects when ESF funding stops ?

8 Recommendations to Member States Policies 10 Common Basic Principles for Roma Integration mainstreaming & explicit but not exclusive targeting integrated approach education, employment, housing, health & access to quality public services data collection about Roma labour market & social situation better coordination between ESF & national strategies, programmes & initiatives on Roma integration other EU funds

9 Recommendations to Member States ESF implementation better vertical & horizontal coordination of ESF management structures more micro-project grant schemes for small Roma NGOs to develop & strengthen their capacity better involvement of Roma NGOs during whole ESF programme lifecycle participation in Monitoring Committees additional capacity-building support better coordination between national authorities & local municipalities & NGOs better understanding of realities on the ground

10 Recommendations to Member States Thematic interventions inclusion of Roma children in mainstream schools but sustainability of projects after ESF funding stops ? early targeting of Roma children & youths e.g. preparatory classes in the national language & after- hours school support closer cooperation with enterprises in vocational training & employability domains long-term approach when targeting Roma women, including their children adult education spatial & territorial factors: no one-approach fits all situations

11 More info

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