Presentation on theme: "Sustainable development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sustainable development in EuropeBert KamphuisSenior Lecturer and Director of International Affairs at Zuyd University and Member of the City Council of Sittard-Geleen
2 What is sustainable development? Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future.A broader concept (People, Planet, Profit) than just environmental care (Planet)
3 The importance of sustainable development Several reports and initiatives, including:Club of Rome report “Limits to Growth” (1972) and “A New Path for World Development (2008)Kyoto protocol (1997) on reduction of greenhouse gasesMillenium Goals of the UN (2000)Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy (2006)The new EU Agenda 2020, proposed by the European Commission in March 2010Al Gore’s “An Inconvenient Truth” (2006)
4 Millennium goals of the UN Eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were agreed at the United Nations Millennium Summit in September Nearly 190 countries have subsequently signed up to them.The eight Millennium Development Goals are:Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerAchieve universal primary educationPromote gender equality and empower womenReduce child mortalityImprove maternal healthCombat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseasesEnsure environmental sustainabilityDevelop a global partnership for development
5 The 2006 European agenda for SD A Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy was adopted by the European Council in June It is an overarching strategy for all EU policies which sets out how we can meet the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. The Sustainable Development Strategy deals in an integrated way with economic, environmental and social issues and lists the following seven key challenges:Climate change and clean energySustainable transportSustainable consumption and productionConservation and management of natural resourcesPublic healthSocial inclusion, demography and migrationGlobal poverty
6 An EU strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth EU Agenda for 2020: 5 targetsAn EU strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth1. Employment75% of the year-olds to be employed2. R&D / innovation3% of the EU's GDP (public and private combined) to be invested in R&D/innovation3. Climate change / energygreenhouse gas emissions 20% (or even 30%, if the conditions are right) lower than 1990; 20% of energy from renewables;20% increase in energy efficiency4. EducationReducing school drop-out rates below 10%at least 40% of 30-34–year-olds completing third level education5. Poverty / social exclusionat least 20 million fewer people in or at risk of poverty and social exclusion
7 Agenda 2020: 7 flagship initiatives Innovation UnionYouth on the moveA digital agenda for EuropeResource efficient Europe to help decouple economic growth from the use of resources, support the shift towards a low carbon economy, increase the use of renewable energy sources, modernise our transport sector and promote energy efficiencyAn industrial policy for the globalisation era to improve the business environment, notably for SMEs, and to support the development of a strong and sustainable industrial base able to compete globallyAn agenda for new skills and jobsEuropean platform against poverty.
8 Implementation?Commitment of 27 EU member states: translation to national policiesFunding programsInnovations in industry and transport“Green” mindsetEnergy saving (reduction of waste and more efficiency)Development of new energy sourcesCradle-to-cradle principleRaising awareness of the citizens of EuropePromoting and supporting individual efforts of citizens
9 Sustainable development at Zuyd UAS Research Centers for applied research (e.g. New Energy and Built Environment and Regional Development)Cooperation with Regional Center ofExpertise Rhine-Meuse for Sustainable DevelopmentClose co-operation with regional and local partners (government, enterprises, international cooperation)Student involvement in design of new Heerlen campusStudy programs, internships, conferences and hands-on projects, e.g. “The District of Tomorrow” in the Avantis Euregional Business CenterYoung Professionals Overseas (projects in India, South Africa and Zambia)
11 Discussion topics How important is sustainable development to you? Is it a hype or should we take it seriously?What is being done to promote sustainable development in your country and your own region?Which energy sources can we use without compromising the environment?How could individuals contribute to a sustainable future? What could your role be?