2 A Religious Awakening Section 1 A. Second Great Awakening- Early 1800’s a revival of religious feeling swept the countryStarted in Kentucky and spreadPreachers known as revivalists spoke at outdoor meetings and churches around the countryChurch membership skyrocketedReligious reforms swept country
3 B: Evangelical styleCharles Grandison Finney- first evangelical style of worshipLyman Beecher- Yale Educated- also known for fiery speeches
4 TensionsMany wanted gov’t to back religion- stop people from working on SundaysAfrican Americans also embrace second Great AwakeningHowever, many start their own church- AME-8,000 membersWould lead many to call for an end of slaveryAlso led to many slave revolts
5 C. Mormons Many people dislike Mormons Leader Joseph Smith More than one wifeVoted as a communityHeld property as a communityLeader Joseph SmithHad to go place to place getting away from violenceJoseph Smith murdered in Nauvoo Ohio- Mormons would go west- Utah
6 D. Jews and Catholics Catholics also hated Jews Minority Poor- Irish- worked for lessBelieved they showed loyalty to pope, not U.S>JewsDifferent cultureStarted coming in larger numbers
7 E: The Rest Utopias- tried to establish perfect societies Most failShakers- United Society of Believers in Christ’s second appearingSet up independent villagesTranscendentalists- don’t need bible to find God- listen to inner self and natureRalph Waldo EmersonsdHenry David Thoreau- Nature, Walden
8 Reforming Society Section 2 A: EducationColonial times- parents taught- The American SpellingInadequatePublic School Movement- Led by Horace Mann- championed education in Mass. First state board of education, end corporal punishment, well trained teachersDemocracy to work, needed educated population
9 B. PrisonersDorothea Dix began teaching Sunday schools in prisonerWanted to reform the horrible prison systemMental illness with hardened criminalsPromoted building hospitals for mentally illPenitentiary movementTwo types: Pennsylvania system, Auburn Prison system
10 C: Temperance movement Industrialization caused many issues in societyCrime, sickness, poverty, and neglected familiesTemperance movement- end alcohol abuseProhibition- outlaw alcoholATS-Neal Dow- gave lectures
11 Section 3 Anti Slavery Movement During the 1800’s, the issue of slavery would always be on the mines of the people.Many would try to abolish slavery, while others would defend it
12 A. Slavery By 1800, more than 2 million slaves in U.S. 1/3 under age of tenLife was terribleDescribe the Life of a slave12345
13 B. Survival Some would lose hope Others found ways to cope Maintain traditions and family tiesRely on Christian beliefsResist slaveryRun awayBreak toolsWork slowlyRevolts- Denmark Vesey????
14 C. Nat Turner 1831, led a revolt in Richmond Virginia Could read and writeBelieved God told him to lead his people to freedomKilled 60 people before local militia stopped themHim and followers were executedSoutherners would reacted? 1. 2.
15 D: Freed slaves Not all AA’s were slaves By 1780’s, some owners slowly freeing their slaves and many northern states abolish slavery- manumittingACS- American Colonization Society- established Liberia- a colony for free slaves to go to1830 some 1,100 people returned
16 E: Fight Against slavery 1804- all states north of Maryland abolish slavery1807- slave trade bannedAbolition movement gaining momentumWilliam Lloyd Garrison- the LiberatorAmerican anti-slavery SocietyFrederick Douglas- former slave- great speaker
17 F. Fight Against Abolition South relied on slaveryBenefited the economy, north and southWas better than waged laborers- for slaves and ownersChristianity promoted slaverySlavery was good for AA’sKeep white superiority over AA’s
18 F. Northerners racist too Some northerners also supported slaveryGot Gag rule passed- law prohibiting discussion on slaveryMany abolitionists attackedSlavery would continue to divide the country and hurt North/South relations.
19 Section 4 The Women’s Movement Many women would join the abolition movementWould realize, “Hey, were not much better off than slaver”We should get us some rights too.
20 A. Limits Early 1800’s Women couldn’t VoteOwn propertyIf divorced, men got custodyHold officeForbidden to speak in public in many casesBasically, don’t have an opinion, been seen and not heard
21 B. Women Reformers Most important women’s reformers of 1800;s Sojourner Truth-women rights and slaveryCatherine Beecher-advanced schoolEmma Willard-advanced schoolDorothea Dix-prison reformAngelina and Sara Grimke- started abolition groups and women’s rights groups
22 C. Progress Industrial revolution allowed women to enter workplace Still paid less then men and only certain jobsWomen’s movement officially started in early to mid 1800’sPublished pamphlets, held meetings, protested
23 D. More WomenLucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton- household names in women’s rightsSeneca Falls convention- meeting of men and women- wrote the Declaration of sentimentsSuffrage would be an early goalE. Progress- Married Women’s property Act- guaranteed property of married women