2 What are the Nine Traits of Culture? The “Nine Traits of Culture” serve as a framework for the study of culture in human societies.LanguageHistoryFood and Shelter (Types / Styles)Education SystemsSecurity/ProtectionRelationships – Family and OthersPolitical and Social OrganizationsReligion (beliefs / morals / mores)Creative Expression – Recreation
3 1. LanguageAllows for communication to exist, helps establish cultural identitiesOral tradition - Helps pass cultural traits along through generationsThere are between 3,000 and 6,500 different languages spoken in the world todayDialect – different versions of the same basic language
4 2. History Every culture has a past, present, and a future. Events in the past often directly shape the elements of a modern culture .Includes festivals and holidays that celebrate or remember the past.
5 3. Food and Shelter – The places we live and the things we eat
6 4. Education How culture is taught or learned Formal – Schools, Universities, Religion (church)In-Formal – Family, Friends, Social Clubs / Groups
7 5. Security/Protection Organized Military Forces Organized Police ForcesFamily/Tribal Militias and GangsIndividual Self-Defense
8 6. Relationships – Family and Others RelativesFamily Living ArrangementsFriendshipsRomantic Relationships and MarriagesClassmates / Co-Workers
9 7. Political and social organization Government SystemMake rules and laws to keep society in orderClubsExamples? Boys and Girls, Boy Scouts, FFA, Optimists,Fraternal organizationsKiwanis, University, Veterans, Masonic Lodges etc.
10 8. ReligionThe belief in a supernatural power or powers, responsible for the creation and maintenance of the universe, and associated practices.Major Types of Religions?Monotheistic – belief in one godPolytheistic – belief in many godsAnimistic or Traditional – belief in the forces of nature