2 CultureCulture- the sum of what a human group acquires through living together, including language, knowledge, skills, art, literature, law, customs, and life styles.2 categories of culture1. material culture- physical objects that people make2. nonmaterial culture- the ideas of a societyCultural diffusion- spread of certain parts of culture from one area of the world to anotherAcculturation- the process by which a person from one culture adopts traits of another culture
3 CULTURE Beliefs, Values, Customs Definition: Shared patterns of learned behavior that are passed on from generation to generation.Components:Beliefs, Values, CustomsLanguages, Ethnicity, ReligionInstitutions (Economic, Political, Educational)Art, Music, and Technology
4 A field that studies spatial aspects of human cultures. CULTURAL GEOGRAPHYA field that studies spatial aspects of human cultures.Major components focus on:Cultural LandscapesCulture HearthsCultural DiffusionCulture Regions
5 Cultural LandscapeThe composite of human imprints on the earth’s surface.Carl Sauer’s definition: “the forms superimposed on the physical landscape by the activities of man” “ from Recent Developments in Cultural Geography, 1927
6 Culture HearthThe source areas from which radiated ideas, innovations, and ideologies that change the world beyond.What are some examples?
7 Based on the map, can you name some of these culture hearths?
13 Language Language- necessary for communication 3,000 different languagesglobal languages- spoken by millions of peoplelocal languages- spoken by relatively small numbers of peopledialect- changes in speech related to class, region, or culture
14 Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism ReligionReligion- set of beliefs in a supreme being or beingsSets a model for human behaviorAnswers such questions as: Why are we here? How did we get here? What happens after death?Affects daily life & laws in many countries5 major religionsBuddhism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism
15 RELIGION What beliefs and values do people hold? What are the traditional holidays, festivals, and ceremonies?
16 How is the average citizen connected to the government? Who has the power?How is the average citizen connected to the government?
17 ECONOMY Who owns the farms and factories? Are they high tech, low tech, or no tech?
18 Social GroupsSocial systems include families social classes and ethnic groups
19 FAMILY What does the typical family look like? What is the role of women and children?
20 Ethnicity What is ethnicity? Common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or backgroundAn Example of Ethnic and Religious Conflict:The Balkans: Ethnic war between the Croatian Catholics, the Bosnian Muslims, and the Serbian Orthodox.
21 ART What art forms are typical of the culture? (crafts, paintings, drama, music, dance, etc)
22 BBUILDINGSWhich buildings, monuments, structures, and types of homes symbolize this culture?
23 YUM What foods were invented here? What do people eat for breakfast, lunch, and dinner?
24 Stuff that is typical of a culture. ZStuffStuff that is typical of a culture.
25 Physical v. Cultural Geography Physical GeographyCultural GeographyRocks/MineralsPopulation/Settlements/UrbanizationLandformsEconomic and Political SystemsAnimal and Plant LifeTransportationSoilsHuman MigrationAtmosphere/Climate/WeatherSocial SystemsEnvironmentRecreationRivers/Oceans/Other bodies of WaterReligion/Belief SystemCultural Geography is the study of the Earth’s human landscape.
26 ConclusionThink about your own culture: your belief system, institutions that you are part of, technology you use everyday.Cultures change over time, but the historical aspects are very important for understanding today’s cultures. Culture must be examined from different perspectives.Know the terms cultural landscape, cultural hearth, cultural diffusion, and culture region- these terms describe the ways in which cultural geographers view the world.
27 Using today’s notes…….… To create your own “culture web” HOMEWORKHOMEWORKUsing today’s notes…….…To create your own “culture web”