2 1. A(n) _____ is the most basic unit of all living things. OrganProkaryoteEukaryoteTissueFunctionCellCell membraneOrganellesCell wallStructure
3 2. The job than an organ does is the ____ of that organ. ProkaryoteEukaryoteTissueFunctionCellCell membraneOrganellesCell wallStructure
4 3. Ribosomes and mitochondria are types of _____. OrganProkaryoteEukaryoteTissueFunctionCellCell membraneOrganellesCell wallStructure
5 4. A(n) ____ is an organism whose cells have a nucleus. ProkaryoteEukaryoteTissueFunctionCellCell membraneOrganellesCell wallStructure
6 5. A group of cells working together to perform a specific function is a(n)______. OrganProkaryoteEukaryoteTissueFunctionCellCell membraneOrganellesCell wallStructure
7 6. Only plant cells have a(n) _____. OrganProkaryoteEukaryoteTissueFunctionCellCell membraneOrganellesCell wallStructure
8 7. Which of the following best describes an organ? A. A group of cells that work together to perform a specific jobB. A group of tissues that belong to different systemC. A group of tissues that work together to perform a specific job.D. A body structure, such as muscles or lungs
9 8. The benefits of being multicellular include: A. Small size, long life, and cell specializationB. Generalized cells, longer life, and ability to prey on small animalsC. Lager size, more enemies, and specialized cellsD. Longer life, larger size, and specialized cells
10 9. In eukaryotic cells, which organelle contains the DNA? A. NucleusB. Golgi complexC. Smooth ERD. Vacuole
11 10. Which of the following statements is part of cell theory? A. All cells, suddenly appear by themselvesB. All cells come from other cellsC. All organisms are multicellularD. All cells have identical parts
12 11. The surface area-to-volume ratio of cells limits A. The number of organelles that the cell hasB. The size of the cellC. Where the cell livesD. The type of nutrients that a cell needs
13 12. Two types of organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus are A. Prokaryotes and eukaryotesB. Plants and animalsC. Eubacteria and archaebacteriaD. Single-cell and multicellular organisms
14 13. Explain why most cells are small Cells must be small in order to have a large enough surface area – to – volume ratio to get sufficient nutrients to survive and to get rid of wastes.
15 14. Describe the four levels of organization in living things (p 22) Cells are the smallest unit of all living thingsCells combine to make tissuesDifferent tissues combine to make organsOrgans work together in organ systems which perform body functions
16 15. What is the difference between the structure of an organ and the function of the organ? Structure is the shape of a part.Function is the job a part does.
17 16. Name two functions of a cell membrane The cell membrane separates the cell’s contents from the outside environment. (Keeps its guts from spilling out.)It controls the flow of nutrients, wastes, and other materials into and out of the cell.
18 17. What is the structure and function of the cytoskeleton in a cell? The cytoskeleton is a web of tubular and stringy proteins. The cytoskeleton helps give the cell its shape, helps the cell move in its environment, and helps the cell move its organelles around.
19 18. Organ System Organs Tissues Organisms Cells Organelles Golgi complexNucleusOrganelles
20 19. Compare and contrast the functions of the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex. Page 15 and 17The ER is a series of folded membranes within a cell where many proteins, lipids and other materials are made in the cell. Smooth ER helps break down toxic materials. ER is part of the internal delivery system in a cell.Golgi complex modifies, packages, and distributes proteins to other parts of the cell. It takes material from ER and encloses it in small bubble membrane and delivers it to where they are needed in and out of cell.
21 20. Explain how the structure and function of an organism’s parts are related. Give an example. Page 23The structure of a part is its shape and the material it is made of.The function of a part is what the shape and material enable that part to do in the body.Example: Alveoli are tiny sacs in the lungs that hold gases. Alveoli are made of a membrane that enables oxygen and carbon dioxide to pass into and out of the blood.
22 21. One of your classmates states a hypothesis (an if/then) that all organisms must have organ systems. Is your classmate’s hypothesis valid?Not valid. Some organisms are unicellular and have no tissues, organ, or organ systems (i.e. amoebas and protozoas).
23 22. What would happen if all the ribosomes in your cells disappeared? Ribosomes make proteins, which all cells and all organisms need to survive. If your ribosomes disappeared, you would die.
24 23. Scientists think that millions of years ago the surface of the Earth was very hot and that the atmosphere contained a lot of methane. In your opinion, which type of organism, a eubacterium or an archaebacterium, is the older form of life?Page 8 -9Archaebacteria are older because there are many types of methane-making archaebacteria and because many types of archeaebacteria live in very hot places.
25 24. What is the name of the structure identified by the letter A? Mitochondria
26 25. Which letter identifies the structure that digests food particles and foreign invaders? BWhat is it called?Lysosome
27 26. Which letter identifies the structure that makes proteins, lipids, and other materials and that contains tubes, and passageways that enable substances to move to different places in the cell?CWhat is it called?Endoplasmic Reticulum