Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Part of the Judicial Branch

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Part of the Judicial Branch"— Presentation transcript:

1 Part of the Judicial Branch
The Supreme Court Part of the Judicial Branch

2 Basics of the Supreme Court
Part of the Judicial Branch 9 justices on the Supreme Court (8 judges and 1 Chief Justice) Court is on a equal plane with President and Congress (framers of the Constitution) 1981 first woman- Sandra Day O’Connor 1967 first African-America- Thurgood Marshall Justices serve for life President appoints, Congress has to approve

3 Where do the cases come from?
8,000 cases are appealed to the Supreme Court each year Court operates from the 1st Monday in October- June or July Rule of 4- 4 judges must agree to put a case on the docket Writ of mandamus- a court order telling a government officer to perform an act that they have legal duty to perform

4 How does a case get to the Supreme Court?
4 judges have to agree to hear a case Writ of Certiorari- a writ from a high court to a low one to get the records of the proceedings to review If 4 or more judges do not agree, the lower court ruling stands If a lower court is unsure of the rule of law that should apply to the case they issue a certificate If they agree they hear the oral arguments, accept the case and set a date

5 What happens during a court session?
1st two weeks- justices hold public sessions and they listen to the facts of several cases (lawyers present, justices listen and question) (30 minutes) 2nd two weeks- justices study the facts of the case (lawyers give them briefs about the case) Called a recess or court in conference

6 What’s the Vote? Decisions are reached by a majority vote
Six justices must be present to call for a vote After the Court has voted, it writes an opinion ( a carefully worded statement that explains why the decision was made) 1/3 of decisions are unanimous, most are divided

7 What are the type of opinions?
Majority Opinion- Announces the Court’s decision of the case and why they voted the way they did Precedents- Examples to be followed in similar cases Concurring Opinion- Other justices may right this if a point of theirs was not made in the majority opinion Dissenting Opinion- Written by those justices who do not agree with the Court’s decision

Download ppt "Part of the Judicial Branch"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google