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Vocabulary Chapter 8- Judicial Branch

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1 Vocabulary Chapter 8- Judicial Branch
Circuit judicial review Jurisdiction constitutional Exclusive jurisdiction 14. docket Concurrent jurisdiction 15. brief District court 16.majority opinion Original jurisdiction 17. unanimous opinion Appeals court 18. concurring opinion Appellate jurisdiction 19. dissenting opinion Remand stare decisis Opinion precedent

2 Judicial Branch Article III of Constitution
Job is to interpret the laws Only Court mentioned in the Constitution is the Supreme Court- all lower courts were created by the Judiciary Act of 1789.

3 Section 1 What phrase is on the United States Supreme Court building? List 2 things that make it difficult to achieve equal justice? What Article describes the court system? What circuit court covers North Carolina? What are the 3 levels of the federal court system? If a case can be heard in either a state or federal court they are said to have _______ ________. Section 2 1. The federal court system can be described as a ____________. 2. Does every state have a district court? 3. What 2 types of cases do district courts hear? 4. How many US courts of appeals are there? Each one covers an area called a _________________. Appeals courts can decide a case in what 3 ways? According to the Constitution how do federal judges get their jobs? What are the requirements to be a federal judge? Explain Senatorial courtesy. How long does a federal judge hold their position? What does a magistrate judge do?

4 Federal Court Jurisdiction
The Constitution Federal Laws- kidnapping, tax evasion, counterfeiting Disputes between states. Citizens of Different states The Federal Government Foreign Governments and treaties Admiralty and Maritime Law US Diplomats

5 Types of jurisdiction Jurisdiction- the power to hear a case
Exclusive jurisdiction- only federal courts can hear this case. Concurrent jurisdiction- state and federal courts share power to hear this case


7 Judges Need to Know Sheet
Appointed by the, President, Approved by the Senate No established requirements Supreme Court is made up of 9 justices Associate justices led by a Chief Justice Serve for life unless: Retire Death Impeachment

8 Other Court officials Magistrate- take care of judges routine work- search warrants- court orders US Attorney- the lawyer for the government. US Marshal- make arrests, collect fines, keep order in court and protect courtroom and jurors- transport prisoners

9 Marbury v. Madison Established the Supreme Courts power of Judicial Review- the ability to declare a law unconstitutional

10 Supreme Court cases Court works for 9 months per year
Each year about 7,500 cases are appealed to the Court- they hear less than 100. If they choose to hear a case it is put on the court docket- or calendar.

11 1. Each side writes a brief- a written explanation of their argument of the law
2. Each side is given 30 minutes for oral arguments- they answer questions of the justices. 3. On Fridays the Justices conference- meet to discuss the cases and make decisions- based on majority rule- 5 votes to win 4. Write the decisions called opinions 5. Announcement

12 Types of Opinions Majority opinion- facts of the case, ruling of the court, and reasons for ruling. Every case must have one. Dissenting opinion- written by a justice who opposes the outcome. Concurring opinion- agrees with the majority but for a different reason. Unanimous opinion- when all the justices agree

13 Reasons for Decision The Law- always most important
Changing social conditions- reversing an earlier decision Different legal views Strict interpretation- all the powers that the government has are listed in the Constitution. Loose interpretation- the Constitution grants more power then what is written in it. 4. Personal beliefs Stare decisis- “let the decision stand”- use of precedent.

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