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Points of View.

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Presentation on theme: "Points of View."— Presentation transcript:

1 Points of View

2 Why it is important… How does the point of view affect your responses to the characters? How is your response influenced by how much the narrator knows and how objective he or she is? Narrators are not always trustworthy. It is up to you to determine what is the truth and what is not.

3 Objective With the objective point of view, the writer tells what happens without participating in the story's action and dialogue. The narrator never discloses anything about what the characters think or feel, remaining a detached, objective observer.

4 Example Think of the objective POV as a camera recording what is said and done during a specific period of time. We cannot know what happens before or after the camera is turned on and we cannot read people’s mind while they are on camera. Plays, drama

5 First Person In the first person point of view, the narrator does participate in the action of the story. When reading stories in the first person, we need to realize that what the narrator is recounting might not be the objective truth. We should question the trustworthiness of the accounting.

6 Example First person point of view uses "I" or "We." First person is often used when someone is stating an opinion or sharing a feeling. I like my freshly-painted bedroom so much that I want to jump for joy!

7 Second Person Second person point of view uses the word "You." Second person is a good choice when giving directions or anytime you're speaking directly to someone. Second person is almost never used to tell a story.

8 Example "You should really come and join the group because you would probably like it a lot."

9 Third Person Here the narrator does not participate in the action of the story as one of the characters. Third person point of view uses "He," "She," or "They." Sometimes "it" is used when talking about a thing instead of a person.

10 Example Sally rode home as fast as she could. Then she jumped off her bike and ran into the house to see what was going on.

11 Third Person Limited A non-participant narrator whose omniscient knowledge is limited to one character, either major or minor, has a limited omniscient point of view.

12 Example Marco felt like he had done something good for the community. He felt like a helper and wanted to do more good things to assist those in need. But how did everybody else feel? How did Hannah and Zach feel about their work? He would have to talk to them to find out.

13 Third Person Omniscient
A non-participant narrator who knows everything about all the characters is all knowing, or omniscient.

14 Example Marco felt like he had done something good for the community. Marco wouldn't know it until he talked to them, but Hannah and Zach felt the same way, too. Hannah had not been able to sleep. She was excited at the thought of expanding their project. She was sure they could provide even more toys for the children next year! Zach was already planning ways to raise more money and get more people involved. He had even had a dream about how to do it!

15 Steps to finding POV… Check the pronouns Look for feelings
Question past and future Count the characters the narrator knows about

16 Characters Person, animal, or like who takes part in the action of a literary work

17 Types of Characters Protagonist: main character
Antagonist: opposes the main character Foil: character who highlights/emphasizes the protagonist by CONTRAST

18 Types of Characters Static: character whose values, morals, opinions remain the same throughout the story Dynamic: undergo a major change in values, morals, opinions during the story

19 Types of Characters Round: are convincing, true to life, have many different and possibly contradictory personality traits. Flat: are stereotyped, shallow, and often symbolic, and have only one or two traits

20 Characterization Direct: the narrator states something about a character Jill is smart. Bob is tall. Indirect: author reveals information about a character that requires us to make a judgment Jill is our valedictorian. Bob hit is head on the door frame.

21 Methods of indirect characterization
Thinks Feels Acts Says Others’ reactions

22 What are you looking for?
Traits: a special quality or something about someone’s personality Motivation: what causes someone to act in a certain way Conflict: when characters have different motivation or goals

23 What are you looking for?
Point of View: the side from which a story is told. Relationships: the connection of people in friendship, family, work, school, or other activities

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