Presentation on theme: " Great source of energy for the body. Two types: › Simple (sugars)- found in fruits and diary products; easier to digest. › Complex (starches)- most."— Presentation transcript:
Great source of energy for the body. Two types: › Simple (sugars)- found in fruits and diary products; easier to digest. › Complex (starches)- most commonly found in vegetables; take longer to digest.
For your body to function properly, a certain amount of carbs are needed. When digested, body breaks them into simple sugars. Carbs raise level of blood sugar. They can be related to causing diabetes and other heart diseases.
Required organic compound Body needs to grow and develop properly Two types: › Fat Soluble-stored in the fat tissues and live › Water Soluble-travel through your bloodstream *Soluble- able to dissolve or liquefy Vitamin A: Helps day and night vision Boosts immune system Milk, Liver, Orange Fruits and Veggies, Green Leafy Veggie
Vitamin B: Makes red blood cells B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin, folic acid, biotin, and pantothenic acid Grains, Seafood, Poultry, Meat, Eggs, Beans, Leafy Greens Vitamin C: Keeps body tissues healthy, heals wounds and resists infection Oranges, Cantaloupe, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Broccoli, Kiwi, Red Peppers
Vitamin D: Helps grow strong bones and teeth Made in skin when exposed to light Milk, Fish, Egg Yolks, Liver Cereal Vitamin E: Protects cells and tissues Helps red blood cells Whole Grains, Leafy Greens, Vegetable Oils, Egg Yolks, Nuts, Seeds Vitamin K: Makes blood clot Leafy Greens, Dairy, Broccoli, Soybean Oil
Saturated: › Excessive amounts of fat are found in saturated animal fats and trans-fatty acids. › Raises cholesterol levels and increase your risk of many chronic diseases. › Saturated fats are solid at room temperature and are found in animal and diary products. Unsaturated: › Generally liquid at room temperature. › Most commonly found in vegetable sources and in oily fish. › Good sources include: avocadoes, unsalted nuts and seeds.
Studies show that omega-3 fatty acids help prevent heart disease. The best source of omega-3 are oily fish like: › salmon › tuna › trout › sardines › mackerel › pilchards › herring.
Small amounts found in foods Two types: › Macro Minerals- Big › Trace Minerals- Small Calcium: Top Macro Mineral Builds strong bones and teeth Dairy, Leafy Greens, Canned Salmon, Calcium Fortified Crackers and Cereals
Iodine: Chemical element Essential for body hormones Seafood, Sea Salt, Seaweed, Eggs, Dairy Iron: Helps put oxygen in red blood cells Red Meat, Tuna, Salmon, Eggs, Beans, Potato Skins, Dried Fruits, Leafy Greens, Whole Grains
Potassium Keeps muscles and nervous system working properly Bananas, Broccoli, Tomatoes, Potato Skins, Leafy Greens, Citrus Fruits, Dried Fruits, Peanuts, Beans, Nuts Zinc Helps immune system Helps grow and heal wounds Beef, Pork, Lamb, Peas, Beans, Peanuts
Proteins are complex organic compounds. The constituents that make up proteins are: › Carbon › Hydrogen › Nitrogen › Oxygen › Sulphur The only source of nitrogen for the body come from protein. Proteins are responsible for keeping our body safe from harmful organisms.
Animal proteins contain all the essential amino acids. Essential amino acids cannot be synthesized by the human body. Helps legs and lungs move. Intake should increase while we grow. Every person needs one gram of protein per kilogram of their bodyweight.
Increases metabolism Helps digest food easier Body will suffer if not enough water in consumed Makes up more than two-thirds of the weight of the human body Fruits, Vegetables, Soup, Milk, Juices
Fibre are carbohydrates that cannot be digested. Found in the plants we eat for food — fruits, vegetables, grains, and legumes Two types: › Soluble fibre : partially dissolves in water and has been shown to lower cholesterol. › Insoluble fibre : does not dissolve in water, but that's why it helps with constipation.