Presentation on theme: "“The Big 7” Contemporary Psychological Perspectives"— Presentation transcript:
1 “The Big 7” Contemporary Psychological Perspectives Most common ways psychologists view behaviorEmphasize different influences that shape behaviorFocus on different topics to further investigate the differing interpretations of psychology
2 Learning/Behavioral Perspective Subject matter/forces that influenceEnvironmentalLearningObservational LearningMajor beliefPersonal experience and reinforcement guide individual developmentWhat you do, not what you knowYou recognize when circumstances call for certain behavior
3 Psychoanalytic Perspective Subject matter/forces that influenceUnconscious processesEarly childhood experiencesObservational learningMajor beliefUnconscious motives influence behaviorSexual and aggressive impulses
4 Cognitive Perspective Subject matter/forces that influenceInterpretation of mental imagesThinkingLanguageValues, perceptions, and choicesMajor beliefPerceptions and thoughts influence behaviorComputer analogy
5 Biological Perspective Subject matter/forces that influenceNervous systemGlands and hormonesGenetic factorsMajor beliefBiological processes influence behavior and mental processes.
6 Evolutionary Perspective Subject matter/forces that influencePhysical traits/ Inherited tendenciesSocial behaviorMajor beliefAdaptive organisms survive and transmit their genes to future generationsEvolution of behavior and mental processesInherited tendencies influence people
7 Humanistic Perspective Subject matter/forces that influenceSelf concept/self fulfillmentMajor beliefPeople make free and conscious choices based on their unique experiencesImportance of self-fulfillment, consciousness, self-awareness, and choicesWe “invent” ourselves
8 Sociocultural Perspective Subject matter/forces that influenceEthnicityGender (cultural expectations & social roles)CultureSocioeconomic statusMajor beliefSociocultural, biological, and psychological factors create individual differences
9 Big 7 Review Perspectives (match letter to following statements) A-Learning/BehavioralB-PsychoanalyticC-CognitiveD-BiologicalE-EvolutionaryF-HumanisticG-Sociocultural
10 Big 7 Review Statements1. Jamal is 13 and very moody. His parents think it is because of his raging hormones.2. Melissa didn’t talk to anyone Friday night because she thought that everyone hated her.3. Jose hits all the girls in class because he unconsciously loves them all.
11 4. Chris is unable to get good grades because he is having problems at home. 5. William usually avoids everyone from the suburbs.6. Diana gets $5 each week for cleaning her room. Diana loves cleaning.7. Basha is very outgoing like her mother and brother.