Presentation on theme: "Goals: History of Psychology – Students will 1. Explain the historical background of the field of psychology. 2. Describe the six main contemporary perspectives."— Presentation transcript:
Goals: History of Psychology – Students will 1. Explain the historical background of the field of psychology. 2. Describe the six main contemporary perspectives in psychology.
Instructor will distribute A Brief History of Psychology written by BSU Professor Landrum. Read the hand-out. Highlight the important points that the instructor discusses in class. ◦ You are responsible for these portions of the reading.
A general set of assumptions about the nature of certain phenomena. ◦ In psychology, each perspective has a different set of assumptions about the nature of human behavior and mental processes. Human behavior is complex and a variety of perspectives gives a richer and fuller view of behavior that could be seen in one perspective alone. The book discusses several perspectives, the following slides contains a new perspective added since the books publication.
Biological ◦ Nervous system, glands and hormones, genetic factors ◦ Biological processes influence behavior and mental processes Evolutionary ◦ Physical traits, social behavior ◦ Adaptive organisms survive and transmit their genes to future generations
Humanistic ◦ Self-concept ◦ People make free and conscious choices based on their unique experiences Psychoanalytic ◦ Unconscious processes, early childhood experiences ◦ Unconscious motives influence behavior Learning ◦ Environmental influences, learning, observational learning ◦ Personal experience and reinforcement guide individual development
Sociocultural ◦ Ethnicity, gender, culture, socioeconomic status ◦ Sociocultural, biological, and psychological factors create individual differences Cognitive ◦ Interpretation of mental images, thinking, language ◦ Perceptions and thoughts influence behavior
We will break into seven groups. Each group will be assigned a perspective. Each group will choose a chapter from the table of contents in the text book and the group will explain how their perspective would interest biologically oriented psychologists. The group will share with the class and the class will determine which perspective to which you are referring.