Presentation on theme: "Contemporary Perspectives Chapter One Section 4. Essential Question: What are some of the psychological perspectives used by psychologists? Found on pages."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Perspective Subject Matter: Environmental influence, habitual behavior, and observational learning. Key Assumptions: Personal experience and reinforcement guide individual development.
Sociocultural Perspective Subject Matter: Ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status Key Assumption: Sociocultural, biological, and psychological factors create individual differences.
EXAMPLE: Johnny does not do his homework and is sleeping in class frequently. The psychologist with this perspective would have Johnny come into the hospital and have a CAT scan performed for any abnormalities on Johnny’s brain. What Perspective was this?
EXAMPLE Jane hits her step sister every day. When asked she states that she does not like her step sister. Jane was abused by her biological dad, until recently. A psychologist with this perceptive would say that the prior events in Jane’s life were the reasons she acts out in such ways and that she makes these choices on her own. Which psychological perspective does this doctor use?
EXAMPLE: Matt does not socialize with the other children. A psychologist with this perspective would consider that Matt is a male and that males inherently do not socialize as frequently as females. Matt is also Asian which can account for his cultural difference in placing value on friendships. What perspective was this?
EXAMPLE Ashley sees that the teacher pays attention to only the students who raise their hands. Ashley starts to raise her hand. A psychologist with this perspective would say that Ashley saw the situation and chose to start raising her hand. What perspective does this psychologist use?
EXAMPLE Rebecca intentionally bumps into three freshmen in the hallway. A psychologist that had this perspective would think that Rebecca is venting unconscious anger toward her parents. This would be which psychological perspective?
EXAMPLE Sandra does not like to be told she is “big boned”. Yet when Sandra has to describe someone she knows, she uses the term “big boned” without feeling she has insulted that person. A psychologist with this perspective would believe that Sandra has a different perspective on how “insults” apply to her, then to others. What perspective does this psychologist use?