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The Greening of Oregon’s Workforce. Jobs, Wages, and Training Community College Green Conference May 13, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "The Greening of Oregon’s Workforce. Jobs, Wages, and Training Community College Green Conference May 13, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Greening of Oregon’s Workforce. Jobs, Wages, and Training Community College Green Conference May 13, 2010

2 We defined “Green Job”… For our survey, a green job is one that provides a service or produces a product in any of the following categories: 1.Increasing energy efficiency 2.Producing renewable energy 3.Preventing, reducing, or mitigating environmental degradation 4.Cleaning up and restoring the natural environment 5.Providing education, consulting, policy promotion, accreditation, trading and offsets, or similar services supporting any of the other categories Note: we wanted one or more of these things to be an “essential function” of the job.

3 We surveyed Oregon businesses … In early 2009, surveyed 10,500 employers in all industries across the state We asked them the following: How many jobs in 2008 included green activities as an essential part of the job The minimum education required for these jobs The types of special training, certification, or other requirements that exist for these jobs The wages associated with these jobs How many of these jobs they expect to have in 2010

4 Key Finding: Oregon has roughly 51,000 green jobs. 51,402 green jobs in 2008, spread across... 5,025 employers all major industry groups 226 different occupations Represents about 3 percent of the employment in the private sector and state and local government To give perspective … this is roughly the same as the number of employees working in Oregon’s private hospitals.


6 Construction, wholesale and retail trade, and administrative and waste services account for about half of Oregon’s green jobs.

7 Key Finding: Many green jobs are in blue collar occupations.

8 But very few green jobs pay very low wages …

9 Key Finding: “On average, green jobs tended toward slightly higher wages than jobs across the entire economy.” Average wage for all jobs: $19.92 per hour Average wage for green jobs: $22.61 per hour Half of all jobs pay $15.22 or more per hour About 2/3 of all green jobs pay $15.00 or more per hour Occupation mix explains some of the difference, but not all

10 Key Finding: Two-thirds of green jobs require no education beyond high school.

11 As is true with the whole economy … jobs requiring more education usually pay higher wages.

12 Key Finding: About one-third of green jobs require some kind of special license / certificate. Some jobs have more than one special requirement.

13 Key Finding: Employers project a 14% increase in green jobs between 2008 and 2010.

14 Oregon’s Green LMI Improvement Grant December 2009 – May 2011 (18 months) $1.25 million Provided by national Employment and Training Administration (ETA) Working with many partners Oregon Workforce Investment Board (OWIB) Department of Community Colleges and Workforce Development (DCCWD) Oregon Career Information System (CIS) Other workforce, education, and training entities

15 Goals of the Green LMI Improvement Grant To build on Oregon’s initial green jobs survey to get detailed information on green occupations and industries of particular interest To provide direct labor market information with a strong focus on making that information usable for developing training programs and for career planning To invest in system information and infrastructure that will provide long term benefits to Oregon’s workers and employers

16 The Green LMI Grant has Five Major Components 1.In-depth Study of Green Occupations 2.Employment Analysis of Companies in Specific Green Sectors 3.Analysis of Agricultural and Self-Employed Green Jobs 4.Special Reports and Publications 5.AutoCoder and Green Jobs Extractor for WorkSource Oregon Management Information System (WOMIS) DCCWD & CIS will also complete other major components

17 In-depth Study of Occupations Developed criteria for selecting occupations to study Build on findings from The Greening of Oregon’s Workforce Focus on occupations with green jobs that require some education beyond high school Focus on occupations where green jobs may have a need for new or additional skills Focus on occupations that are “high-demand” – projected to have at least 254 openings over the next 10 years


19 In-depth Study of Occupations 1.Compilation of already-known information 2.Gather information through surveys and focus groups 3.Identify skills associated with occupations that have green jobs 4.Analyze the specific skill requirements for green jobs in selected occupations 5.Identify other unique characteristics of an occupation’s green jobs 6.Identify the skill ladders that form green career pathways 7.Conduct WorkKeys assessments on green job tasks in selected occupations

20 Known Employment, Projections, and Wages

21 Compiled Skill Sets from

22 Employment Analyses of Companies in Green Sectors Select green sectors for analysis (overlap with recommendations of Green Jobs Council) Identify firms working in each sector Conduct analyses of Unemployment Insurance wage records for those firms Which industries did workers come from? How have workers’ wages and hours changed over time? What are the employment trends of green companies?

23 Renewable Energy Production and Generation Sector selected based on ease of identifying firms Oregon Department of Energy provided firm lists Much more complicated than expected 200+ firms producing renewable energy – but most consume all of the energy produced Many firms produce and use renewable energy that is not electricity For most firms renewable energy production is not the primary business

24 Renewable Energy Production and Generation – Preliminary Findings Limited to 13 firms selling renewable energy (electricity) back to the grid Employment dominated by other economic trends – particularly related to wood and paper products manufacturing Private employment down 12% from 2004Q3 to 2009Q3 compared to 2% across the entire economy Median wage in 3Q2009 was $30.01 ($16.34 for all private employees) Median hours worked in 3Q2009 was 517 (409 for all private employees)

25 Special Reports and Publications 10 stand-alone reports focused on green occupations 12 green jobs-related articles 20,000 brochures 2,000 posters 2 survey reports New dedicated page (soon): Also posted to our blog and twitter accountsblogtwitter

26 Oregon’s Career Information System (CIS) Determine career planners’ needs for information related to green jobs Incorporate needed data into the CIS New occupations and industries files detailing required skills, training, and credentials Updated FAQs Overview articles of new information Develop curriculum to help students understand green jobs Collaborate with national CIS office

27 DCCWD - WorkKeys Conduct 30 WorkKeys profiles for 10 occupations Identify green jobs Evaluate foundational skills Evaluate green skills Establish a standardized green job task analysis Compile green job data Share information with public and other agencies

28 DCCWD – Career Pathways Identify and map career paths and skill progressions that lead to green jobs Identify industry and occupation-specific technical competencies Design career roadmaps (and certificates if appropriate) for entry-level positions and progressive job advancement This project will use a new, statewide approach which links available occupational training at multiple community colleges throughout Oregon

29 DCCWD – Green Training Performance System Code and “mine” data from Oregon’s 17 community colleges to identify Green training participation rates Job placement Job wages and wage progression Job advancement and worker success Determine if green training programs are successful Businesses surveyed to identify needed skills and competencies

30 The Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) taxonomy has been updated… Two new occupations in the 2010 SOC: 47-2231 Solar photovoltaic installers 49-9081 Wind turbine service technicians Data collection on these starts in late 2009 First estimates likely to be in 2013 (for 2012)

31 Thanks … from the Employment Department’s “Green Team” Our “Greening” report is available on-line:

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