Presentation on theme: "PCD Objective 4.02 Infant’s Emotional and Social Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 PCD Objective 4.02 Infant’s Emotional and Social Development The Developing Child-Chapter 83 days
2 “The Rescuing Hug” Directions: Close your eyes while teacher reads a story.After you hear the story draw what you visualized during the reading.Under your picture you need to write a 2 sentence summary about what you drew.This activity encourages thinking and processing information; it is not for assessing drawing skills.Paper and colored pencils will be providedAnswer the following questions on the same paper as you sketch and be ready to share and discuss with the class.What examples of emotional development did you hear in the article?What examples of social development did you hear in the article?What examples show influences of emotional and social development?
3 Emotional Development Social DevelopmentEmotional DevelopmentThe process of learning which continues all the way through a lifetime to recognize and express feelings and establish a unique personal identityThe process of learning which continues all the way through a lifetime to show self-expression and how to interact with others
4 Emotional & Social Developments are closely interrelated aspects of an infant’s development; yet, each is a separate type of development with clearly observable patterns and characteristics.
5 Both Emotional & Social Development follow PREDICTABLE PATTERNS Developmental milestones can be anticipated
6 AFFECTION and HARMONY are key elements needed for both healthy emotional and social development.
7 Both occur according to individual TIMING and vary from one individual to another
8 Building trust and forming attachments are essential for both emotional and social development. With TRUST AND HEALTHY ATTACHMENTS, people learn to handle their emotions and form healthy relationships.
9 As infants develop emotionally and socially, EACH develops his/her own INDIVIDUAL PERSONALITY.
10 Personalities are the result of healthy emotional and social development
11 Both influence a person’s RELATIONSHIPS AND BEHAVIORS.
12 Both emotional and social development occur over the span of a lifetime---from NEWBORNS TO OLD AGE.
13 These feelings about self (emotional) are reflected Self-conceptsThese feelings about self(emotional) are reflectedin behavior toward others(social).
14 Differences: Emotional & Social Development Definition:A process of learning to recognize and express feelings and establish a unique personal identityDefinition:A process of learning to show self-expression and how to interact with others
15 Difference between Emotional & Social Result:Healthy emotional development helps a child become a self-confident adult, able to handle stress, and empathetic to feelings and concerns of others.Result:Healthy social development helps a child become a tolerant adult who interacts peacefully with others and listens to different points of view before acting.
16 Difference between Emotional & Social Influences:Emotional development is influenced by:A child’s individuality and temperamentType of care receivedAtmosphere at homeInfluences:Social development is influenced by:Actions of parents and caregiversType of care receivedAtmosphere at home
17 Difference between Emotional & Social Trust and mistrust:Eric Erickson’s first stage is where infants learn whether to trust or mistrust others around them.This trust is the basis of good relationships with others.Two ways to build trust in infants are:(1) to provide a consistent environment(2) to provide their basic needs consistently.Trust and mistrust:Infants who are frequently held and cuddled develop feelings of safety, love, and trust and feel that the world is a safe place.Infants who are not as well-loved feel confused and not trusting.This often leads to behavior and relationship problems later in life.
18 Difference between Emotional & Social Interference:Bitterness and mistrust in an infant’s environment interferes with healthy emotional development.Interference:Lack of love and attention may cause failure to grow and develop optimally.
19 Difference between Emotional & Social Imitation:Infants catch the tone of adults’ moods and respond with similar moods.Imitation:Infants learn to imitate and adjust to the actions of people around them.
20 Early signs of emotional development: Early signs of social development:Responding to a voiceEnjoying being picked upResponding to cuddling, comfortingSmiling when a face/person appearsCrying when a face/person leavesCryingMuscle tensionSmilingCooingWiggling the body
21 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development At birth:Emotional development begins at birth and continues throughout life.Newborns are able to feel two basic emotionsContentmentDistressAt birth:Newborns are passive, not social, but within weeks they begin to interact with others around them.Social interaction continues throughout life.
22 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development First weeks:Infants’ emotions become more varied.They learn to associate emotions with causesHungerPainlack of attentionetc.First weeks:Newborns improve their social interactions as they listen to voices, begin to see faces, try to make eye contact, and smile at faces and voices.
23 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development Three months:Show pleasure/delight with smiles and laughtershow uncertainty with puzzled looks and questioning soundsThree months:Make cooing sounds to catch attention, fuss until parents come, arch their backs and reach out to be held
24 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development Three to six months:Show excitement when caregivers appear and distress when they leave.Only when babies feel loved and secure can they extend their interests beyond themselves.Three to six months:Begin to recognize and trust their caregivers; around six months, form an attachment, or strong bond, with parents/caregivers.This is their first real social relationship. Many infants also form attachments with special objects.
25 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development Six to ten months:Begin to show fear as they learn to recognize situations they perceive as threatening.At ten months, show more specific emotionsAngerSadnessHappinessetc.Six to ten months:Many demonstrate fear of unfamiliar people, or stranger anxiety, and cry to express their fears.They often seek approval from parents by “showing off” what they’ve learned to do.
26 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development Eleven to twelve months:Infants’ fear of being apart from parents is at its peak.Many experience separation anxiety when parents leave.Eleven to twelve months:Infants who cry when parents leave them are not trying to be unreasonable.They are still unable to see anyone else’s point of view.
27 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development Search for independence:As children learn new physical skills, such as walking, they are developing independence.Search for independence:The loving care of parents helps children find their own sense of identity and independence.
28 Ways to promote healthy attachments EmotionalSocialHug, kiss, cuddle, rock, and smileUse a comforting voiceKeep up with attachment objectsSet good examples of ways to express emotionsAllow child to quiet self by suckingEncourage baby to use gesturesProvide positive examples“hello”“thank you”“bye-bye”Talk to infants in a pleasant voiceSmile, show positive facial expressionsProvide opportunities for other family members to interact with infant
29 Infant’s Emotional & Social Development Role of play:Play helps children learn to express emotions.Role of play:Play helps children learn to interact with adults and other children.
30 1. Stages of both emotional and social development: are completely different for each child.are somewhat predictable in the timing in which they occur.follow steps that are unable to be predicted.involve milestones that are totally unpredictable.Answer=B
31 2. Both emotional and social development are related to Erickson’s first stage, trust and mistrust, because learning to trust:is the foundation of healthy emotional and social development later in life.is the last task that newborns achieve in social and emotional development.leads to healthy emotional development, but has little effect on social development.leads to healthy social development, but has little effect on emotional developmentAnswer=A
32 Appendix 4.02G Student Handout Fix It Directions:Read the first scenario.Afterwards, write a “scene” in which Aunt Mary confronts her nephew about his son Jason and his lack of opportunities to develop emotionally.Read the second scenario.Write a “scene” about how the experiences support healthy social development in children.
33 write a “scene” in which Aunt Mary confronts her nephew about his son Jason and his lack of opportunities to develop emotionally.Scenario OneTom’s Aunt Mary volunteered to look after her nephews’ young son Jason one Saturday.Tom showed his aunt where all the bottles, diapers, and toys were located.Then he told Aunt Mary that she wouldn’t have any trouble because Jason watches television all day and hardly moves from his spot on the floor.Write a scene in which Aunt Mary talks with her nephew about his son’s lack of opportunities to develop emotionally.
34 Scenario Two Mary is a caregiver at a local child care center. Write a “scene” about how the experiences support healthy social development in childrenScenario TwoMary is a caregiver at a local child care center.Sam and Sandra send their children to the center often to interact with other children through exercise and play.Laura and Susan play together with other children on the playground and work together at the tables on the inside.Write a scene to express how the experience at the child care center can help the children develop socially.
35 “Erickson’s Trust vs. Mistrust” Directions:Read in the textbook, The Developing Child, Chapter 8 page 256-____ about Eric Erikson’s Theory of Personality Development--TRUST Vs. MISTRUST.Use the graphic organizer (Appendix 4.02E) to record your findings.
36 “Show & Tell—The EARLY SIGNS” Directions:Each student will have a different “early sign” of E + S Development.Find a picture in a magazine that shows/demonstrates your “early sign.”Be ready to glue your picture to the poster labeled, “Early Signs” of Emotional and Social Development of Infants.
37 Emotional and Social Timeline Directions:A timeline will be place on the wallLabeled Month 1-12Materials:The Developing Child, TextbookA milestone of emotional or social dev. in infantsScissors, crayons, colored pensPaper dollLook for your milestone in Ch. 8.Write the following on your paper dollMilestone info.Age/month in which the milestone occursColor and/or decorateAfter you have completed your doll, you will need to place your doll on the timeline in the appropriate time frame.The whole class will view the timeline and discuss our findings.
38 “T chart--- Emotional and Social Development” Use the handout found in Appendix 4.02F to list the milestones of emotional development that occur in the first year in the left column.In the right column, list milestones of social development that occur in the first year.Write how they are different in a summary paragraph at the bottom of the T-chart.
39 What Do Emotional/Social Development Have in Common? Both follow predictable _patterns__Affection_ and harmony are key elements needed for healthy emotional and social development.Both occur according to individual _Timing_ .Building trust and healthy _attachment__ is essential for both emotional and social development.Infants develop individual _personalities_ as they develop emotionally and socially.Both relationships and _behaviors_ are influenced by emotional and social development.Both emotional and social development occur over the span of a _lifetime_.
40 Multiple Choice Questions Complete the multiple choice questions on the back of your Key Terms paper.