Presentation on theme: "The SKILLS exam Learning Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1 The SKILLS exam Learning Objectives Understand what is required for the skills examReview and practise some of these skills.
2 On TUESDAY morning at 10.45am, 24th MAY 2011, you will have to sit the following exam:1 hour50 marksWorth 30% of AS (and 15% of A level)2 sectionsAnswer ALL questions on the paperYOU WILL NEEDCalculatorProtractorPair of compassesPencilRubberRulerPencil sharpenerBlack pen
3 QUESTION 1½ hour; 25 marksGeographical skills questions based on either RIVERS or POPULATIONYou will need some knowledge of BOTH core topics but designed to test skills over knowledgee.g. can you draw a graph from a table of data?
4 QUESTION 2½ hour; 25 marksGeographical skills questions based on FIELDWORKYou will need to describe and explain what you did on your river field trip and how you analysed the data afterwards.
5 Basic Skills Investigative Skills Cartographic Skills Graphical Skills There are many different skills you need to be able to do:Basic SkillsInvestigative SkillsCartographic SkillsGraphical SkillsICT SkillsStatistical Skills
6 You will not be expected to name any of these skills These are some of the skills we have already covered at least once in class: You will also have covered many of these skills in GCSE Maths and GeographyAnnotating diagrams, sketches, photos, graphs etcOverlaysLiteracy and numeracy skillsRisk assessingData presentationAtlasesField sketchesOS maps (incl. isolines)Maps with located proportional symbolsFlow line mapsChoropleth mapsLine, bar and scatter graphsPie chartsTriangular graphsRadial diagramsLogarithmic scalesUse of databasesUse of GISPresentation using ICTMean, mode medianInterquartile rangeStandard deviationSpearmans’ rankYou will not be expected to name any of these skillsYou will be expected to interpret/complete graphs/maps/diagrams etc and to perform simple calculationsUnderstanding command words is essential; for example, a common pitfall is explaining when the question asks for description.
7 Basic Skills Literacy (using good English and geographical language) Annotations(labels that describe and explain; they may be on sketches, diagrams, maps, photos etc)Using overlays
8 Investigative Skills Identifying aims and geographical questions Collecting data(using appropriate sampling techniques from both primary and secondary sources)Analysing, presenting and interpreting dataDrawing conclusions(and showing awareness of their validity)Evaluating your researchRisk assessment
10 Cartographic Skills Atlases, base maps, sketch maps, OS maps (you need to be able to find and give grid references, sketch areas from atlas maps, identify theshape of the land using contours, measure distances, describe patterns etc.Maps with located proportional symbols(these could include squares, circles, semi-circles or bars)Maps showing movement(flow lines, desire lines and trip lines)Choropleth, Isoline and Dot maps
11 Graphical SkillsLine graphs (simple, comparative, compound and divergent)Bar graphs (simple, comparative, compound and divergent)Scatter graphs (and use of best fit line)Pie charts & Proportional divided circlesTriangular graphsRadial diagramsLogarithmic scalesDispersion diagrams
12 ICT Skills Remotely sensed data (photos and images captured by satellite)Databases(e.g. national statistics website, environment agency website, meteorological office data)GIS(e.g. google earth/maps, mapzone)Presentation using ICT(producing text, maps, images, graphs etc on the computer)
13 Statistical Skills Measures of Central tendency (Mean, Mode, Median) Measures of Dispersion(Range, Interquartile Range, Standard Deviation)Statistical Tests(Spearman's Rank)
14 Unit 2 Geographical Skills River HarbourneLocation (+)Theory/AimsMethodsResults displayed and statistical testsConclusions linked to theoryEvaluation and improvements
15 LocationMake sure that you can draw an annotated sketch map of the drainage basin showing the location
16 Description of the location River Harbourne is located in South Devon and is a small tributary of the Dart river systemSource is located on Dartmoor at 350m above sea level on granite outcrop.River flows in a south easterly direction for 22 km along the long profile before discharging into the Dart estuary.
17 PAST PAPERDescribe the location of your fieldwork and explain why it was suitable for your investigation.
26 Fieldwork plan – Homework due March 4th StagePoints to considerAIMWhat is the aim of the study? What are you trying to find out? What was the underpinning theory?HYPOTHESESWhat hypotheses can be tested? Which variable can be correlated against each other or in. relation to some other variable such as distance down steam or distance from CBD etc.DATA COLLECTIONWhat methods can be used to collect data for each of your hypotheses? Why were they the best? What equipment will be required to carry out the investigation? What were the risks associated, and how do you respond to them?DATA PRESENTATIONWhat method(s) would be suitable to test relationships between the variables being tested? Why is this method suitable? Illustrate this technique.DATA ANALYSISWhat method(s) could be applied to analyse the data? Is there any correlation between the variables? What are the advantages of using this method?RESULTSWhat did you learn? Were there any anomalous results? What/how did it contribute to your understanding?IMPROVEMENTSWhat could you do to improve it?