In poetry, connotation can also refer to poetic devices: Imagery: a representation of a sense, a feeling or an idea Figures of Speech : simile, metaphor, personification Allusion: a reference to something well known or famous (Taylor Swift song, “Romeo & Juliet”)
Look at line 6 Everyone in this time period would have understood that the husband controls the marriage Therefore: And husband nature’s riches from expense Could mean: this person is married to their good looks and wealth and so they are controlled by vanity and riches
Diction : word choice- authors use specific words for a reason For example: using “power to hurt” is stronger than “mean people” Sound Devices: Alliteration, onomatopoeia, consonance, assonance, rhythm, rhyme, etc. Consonance = repetition of consonant sounds two or more times in a row Assonance = repetition of vowel sounds creating rhyme within words (internal rhyme) I Like Ike
1. Underline words that have emotional meaning attached to them. 2. Next, try to find an example of three different figures of speech; underline them and name them in the margin.
When the authors begin to write, they choose words that reflect their beliefs about the topic at hand. Is the speaker in love? Is he/she angry about something? Depressed? Give details or reasons as to why: The speaker is sad because he uses words like sorrow, pity and wretch. These words have depressing connotations.
What is the speaker’s attitude? How can you tell?
Rarely does a poet begin and end the poetic experience in the same place Poems usually express the speaker’s gradual realization of something
To discover shifts, watch for the following: key words: but, yet, however, although punctuation: dashes, periods, colons, ellipsis (…) stanza and/or line divisions: change in line or stanza length
Where is the shift? What was the clue that helped you find it? What is the change in attitude there?
Examine the title again, this time on an interpretive level In other words, explain how the title is meaningful to the poem Remember, for many poems, the title is the first line
The first line is the title. Examine the line. What possible meaning could it have with relation to the main idea of the poem?
In poetry, the theme is not a moral. It should describe the overall feeling or main idea. It can sometimes be suggested by the title or the first line in the poem.
Read lines 13 and 14. With a partner, figure out the theme (or main idea) expressed in these two lines.