3 Poetry is...Condensed language - every word is important - no unnecessary words are included - focusedImagery/ Figurative language -language not to be taken literally -conveys images-“pictures in the mind” -figures of speech: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification, oxymoron
4 Poetry is...3. Organized language - lines and stanzas are shaped intentionally - some poems follow patterns (of rhyme, rhythm,word pattern)4. Rhythmic / Musical language - the meter or “beat” of lines - the sounds of words - examples: alliteration, assonance, rhyme, onomatopoeia
6 When responding to a poem, you may comment on: the Subject of the poem -what/who is the poem about? -is a setting or pov significant?the Mood and Tone of the poem -what mood or feeling does it convey? -what attitude does the narrator have toward the subject of the poem? the audience?
7 3. the Organization of the poem -what patterns do you notice. (of 3. the Organization of the poem -what patterns do you notice? (of rhyme, rhythm, image, punctuation, sound, etc) -what effect do these patterns have?4. the Imagery of the poem -which images seem vivid? important?-what do these images convey? -what other figurative language is used?5. the Meaning of the poem -what is the experience conveyed? -is there a message? -what does the poem make you understand and/or wonder?
9 imagery / figurative language imagery - concrete words or details that provide vividnesssimile - a direct comparison between two things using like or asmetaphor - an indirect or implied comparison between two things (does not use like or as)personification - the representation of abstractions, ideas, animals, or inanimate objects as if human
10 patterns... of sound, rhythm & words 5. rhyme scheme - any pattern of rhyme in a poem; may be end rhyme or internal rhyme6. alliteration - the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words (or within words)7. assonance - the repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds8. consonance - the repetition of consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds
11 9. meter - the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; rhythm; it may be regular or it may vary10. repetition - a poetic device in which a sound, word, or phrase is repeated for style and emphasis11. stanza - a group of lines that are set off and form a division in a poem
12 devices that affect meaning... 12. symbol - a person, place, event, or object that has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well13. tone - the author's attitude, either stated or implied, toward his or her subject matter and toward the audience14. allusion - a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious
13 15. connotation - the emotional associations surrounding a word, as opposed to the word's literal meaning16. denotation - the strict, literal meaning of a word17. diction - an author's choice of words and phrases; may be casual or formal, simple or complex, etc.