Presentation on theme: "Branches of Georgia’s Govern-ment"— Presentation transcript:
1 Branches of Georgia’s Govern-ment ExecutiveLegislativeJudicialBranches of Georgia’s Govern-ment
2 Georgia’s government consists of 3 branches. Legislative Executive Judicial
3 Legislative BranchGeorgia’s Legislative Branch is responsible for introducing bills and making the laws for the state.It is called the General Assembly.It is made up of two houses (bicameral).The smaller of the two is the Senate. It is made up of 56 members, 1 per voting districtThe Larger of the two is the House of Representatives. It is made up of a 180 members. It is based on the population of the voting district.
5 Senate 56 members, 1 per district Must be 25 years old to serve Must be a resident of Georgia and a U.S. citizen for at least 2 years.Must live in the district you represent.Serves a 2 year termLed by the Lieutenant Governor
6 House of Representatives 180 members, based on the district’s populationMust be 21 years old to serveMust be a resident of Georgia and a U.S. citizen for at least 2 yearsMust live in the district you represent.Serves a 2 year termLed by the Speaker of the House
7 Organization Both the Senate and House are divided into committees. Their work is divided into a committee system.Committees are responsible for reviewing/amending or rejecting bills before they are voted on.
8 Copy the following chart LH 174 Georgia’s Lawmaking Process
9 Lawmaking Process Proposal Committee Action Floor Action Conference Idea is introduced to the legislatureCommittee ActionIdea is assigned to be evaluated by appropriate committeeFloor ActionIdea is open for discussion with all membersConferenceIdea goes back to the committee for acceptancePassageIdea is voted on by all member of legislatureAction by GovernorSigned into Law or Vetoed
10 Executive BranchGeorgia’s Executive Branch is responsible for enforcing the laws of the state.Led by the Governor who is elected by the people.The Lieutenant Governor is also elected into office by the people; he serves as the president of the senate.
11 Qualification for the Executive Branch You must be 30 years old.A U.S. citizen for 15 years.A resident of Georgia for 6 years.Governor serves a term of 4 years with a maximum of 2 consecutive terms.Lieutenant Governor serve for 4 years with an unlimited number of terms they may serve.
12 Governor of Georgia’s Powers Can Veto a BillAppoints leaders of the executive departmentsLeader of the Executive BranchCommander in Chief of Georgia’s National GuardCan Sign A bill into a LawWrites the budget for the state
13 Powers of Lieutenant Governor Serves as Governor if the current governor dies or is too sick to continue as Governor.Serves as the President of the State SenateAppoints Senate members to committees.
14 Important Executive Departments Education- oversees public schools.Public Safety- State police protect citizensTransportation- maintains Georgia’s 4 major transportation systems.Economic Development- promotes Georgia’s products and businesses.Natural Resources: enforces laws on hunting and fishing and maintains state parks.
15 Complete a tree map over Georgia’s executive branch Left Hand page 176Complete a tree map over Georgia’s executive branchGeorgia’s Executive BranchLieutenant GovernorExecutive DepartmentsGovernorDutiesQualifications
16 Judicial BranchThe job of the Judicial Branch is to Interpret how the law applies.Georgia’s Judicial Branch is divided into two court systems.
17 Georgia’s Court Systems Trial Court: criminal actions and lawsuits.Court of Appeals: reviews decisions made in trial courts.Supreme Court is the highest court in Georgia.
18 Criminal LawCriminal laws are created to protect society from wrong-doers.Covers serious crimes that will to lead to fines, community service or prison.
19 In Georgia there are two types of crime Felonies- serious crimes (murder, rape, robbery) with a minimum sentence of 1 year in prison.Misdemeanors- less serious (shoplifting, trespassing) with a sentence of less than 1 year in jail.
20 Civil LawCivil Law covers grievances or problems between individuals or groups of people.Usually based on injuries or wrong doings and ends with compensation or payment.
21 Criminal Court Process use to draw on LH 166 STARTArrest and Booking Preliminary hearingPlea bargain Grand juryJury selection Present evidenceJury deliberation Cross examineSentencing AppealFINISH
22 Georgia’s Juvenile Justice System 1. Juveniles are citizens under the age of must follow the same local, state, and federal laws that all citizens follow *plus some that adults don’t- attend school, cannot run away from home and no alcoholic beverages or tobacco****curfew***
23 Some Terms To KnowDelinquent Act- an act that would be considered a crime if committed by an adult.Examples: Burglary and car theftIf this act is serious enough, the juvenile may be charged as an adult.Unruly Act- an act that would NOT be considered a crime if committed by an adult.Examples: running away from home, breaking curfew & skipping school.If a child commits these acts, they may be placed in a juvenile detention center.
24 YOU HAVE RIGHTS “taken into custody” rather than “under arrest” The right to have a parent present when questionedRight not to have their names or pics publicThe right to two phone callsNot self-incriminateNot to be placed with adults
25 Juvenile Court System The juvenile court has three main purposes: To help and protect the well-being of childrenTo make sure that any child under the jurisdiction of the court receives the care, guidance, and control neededTo provide care for children who have been removed from their homes
26 Steps in the Juvenile Justice Process Step 1- intake- decide if there is enough evidence- release or charge - Release to parent or detained in the state’s Regional Youth Detention Center Step 2- detention- hearing to decide 1. dismiss the case 2. informal adjustment (first offenders) 3. formal hearingSay your sorry
27 Step 3-formal hearing-Trial for the judge to hear the caseJudge decideNOT GUILTY- releasedGUILTY- Another hearing for sentencingStep 4-sentencing-ReleaseProbationYouth development center 90 days4. Special programs- boot camp5. Assign fines/restitutions or probation
28 The Seven Most Serious Delinquent Behaviors There are seven offences that, if a child commits they will not be protected under the juvenile court.Murder, voluntary manslaughter, rape, aggravated sodomy, aggravated child molestation, aggravated sexual battery, & armed robbery with a firearm.
29 County and city government *Georgia has the 2nd most counties in the U.S.(Texas 1st).*Georgia has 159 counties, each of these counties has a government.*In addition to these counties, there are almost 600 cities in Georgia. Each city has a government.
30 County GovernmentCounties- are subdivisions of the state set up to carry out certain government functions. -providing courts of law -building & repairing roads -holding elections -police & fire protection Ran by the board of commissioners
31 *Some city services are City Government-Over 500 cities and towns in Georgia*Some city services arepolice & fire protection, schools, taxes, and street & water services.
32 Forms of City Government There are three types of government a city has weak mayor, strong mayor & council manager. Weak mayor-The mayor has limited power, appoints few officials and has little veto power.