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Branches of Georgia’s Govern-ment

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1 Branches of Georgia’s Govern-ment
Executive Legislative Judicial Branches of Georgia’s Govern-ment

2 Georgia’s government consists of 3 branches. Legislative Executive

3 Legislative Branch Georgia’s Legislative Branch is responsible for introducing bills and making the laws for the state. It is called the General Assembly. It is made up of two houses (bicameral). The smaller of the two is the Senate. It is made up of 56 members, 1 per voting district The Larger of the two is the House of Representatives. It is made up of a 180 members. It is based on the population of the voting district.

4 Georgia’s Voting Districts

5 Senate 56 members, 1 per district Must be 25 years old to serve
Must be a resident of Georgia and a U.S. citizen for at least 2 years. Must live in the district you represent. Serves a 2 year term Led by the Lieutenant Governor

6 House of Representatives
180 members, based on the district’s population Must be 21 years old to serve Must be a resident of Georgia and a U.S. citizen for at least 2 years Must live in the district you represent. Serves a 2 year term Led by the Speaker of the House

7 Organization Both the Senate and House are divided into committees.
Their work is divided into a committee system. Committees are responsible for reviewing/amending or rejecting bills before they are voted on.

8 Copy the following chart LH 174
Georgia’s Lawmaking Process

9 Lawmaking Process Proposal Committee Action Floor Action Conference
Idea is introduced to the legislature Committee Action Idea is assigned to be evaluated by appropriate committee Floor Action Idea is open for discussion with all members Conference Idea goes back to the committee for acceptance Passage Idea is voted on by all member of legislature Action by Governor Signed into Law or Vetoed

10 Executive Branch Georgia’s Executive Branch is responsible for enforcing the laws of the state. Led by the Governor who is elected by the people. The Lieutenant Governor is also elected into office by the people; he serves as the president of the senate.

11 Qualification for the Executive Branch
You must be 30 years old. A U.S. citizen for 15 years. A resident of Georgia for 6 years. Governor serves a term of 4 years with a maximum of 2 consecutive terms. Lieutenant Governor serve for 4 years with an unlimited number of terms they may serve.

12 Governor of Georgia’s Powers
Can Veto a Bill Appoints leaders of the executive departments Leader of the Executive Branch Commander in Chief of Georgia’s National Guard Can Sign A bill into a Law Writes the budget for the state

13 Powers of Lieutenant Governor
Serves as Governor if the current governor dies or is too sick to continue as Governor. Serves as the President of the State Senate Appoints Senate members to committees.

14 Important Executive Departments
Education- oversees public schools. Public Safety- State police protect citizens Transportation- maintains Georgia’s 4 major transportation systems. Economic Development- promotes Georgia’s products and businesses. Natural Resources: enforces laws on hunting and fishing and maintains state parks.

15 Complete a tree map over Georgia’s executive branch
Left Hand page 176 Complete a tree map over Georgia’s executive branch Georgia’s Executive Branch Lieutenant Governor Executive Departments Governor Duties Qualifications

16 Judicial Branch The job of the Judicial Branch is to Interpret how the law applies. Georgia’s Judicial Branch is divided into two court systems.

17 Georgia’s Court Systems
Trial Court: criminal actions and lawsuits. Court of Appeals: reviews decisions made in trial courts. Supreme Court is the highest court in Georgia.

18 Criminal Law Criminal laws are created to protect society from wrong-doers. Covers serious crimes that will to lead to fines, community service or prison.

19 In Georgia there are two types of crime
Felonies- serious crimes (murder, rape, robbery) with a minimum sentence of 1 year in prison. Misdemeanors- less serious (shoplifting, trespassing) with a sentence of less than 1 year in jail.

20 Civil Law Civil Law covers grievances or problems between individuals or groups of people. Usually based on injuries or wrong doings and ends with compensation or payment.

21 Criminal Court Process use to draw on LH 166
START Arrest and Booking Preliminary hearing Plea bargain Grand jury Jury selection Present evidence Jury deliberation Cross examine Sentencing Appeal FINISH

22 Georgia’s Juvenile Justice System
1. Juveniles are citizens under the age of must follow the same local, state, and federal laws that all citizens follow *plus some that adults don’t- attend school, cannot run away from home and no alcoholic beverages or tobacco****curfew***

23 Some Terms To Know Delinquent Act- an act that would be considered a crime if committed by an adult. Examples: Burglary and car theft If this act is serious enough, the juvenile may be charged as an adult. Unruly Act- an act that would NOT be considered a crime if committed by an adult. Examples: running away from home, breaking curfew & skipping school. If a child commits these acts, they may be placed in a juvenile detention center.

24 YOU HAVE RIGHTS “taken into custody” rather than “under arrest”
The right to have a parent present when questioned Right not to have their names or pics public The right to two phone calls Not self-incriminate Not to be placed with adults

25 Juvenile Court System The juvenile court has three main purposes:
To help and protect the well-being of children To make sure that any child under the jurisdiction of the court receives the care, guidance, and control needed To provide care for children who have been removed from their homes

26 Steps in the Juvenile Justice Process
Step 1- intake- decide if there is enough evidence- release or charge - Release to parent or detained in the state’s Regional Youth Detention Center Step 2- detention- hearing to decide 1. dismiss the case 2. informal adjustment (first offenders) 3. formal hearing Say your sorry

27 Step 3-formal hearing- Trial for the judge to hear the case Judge decide NOT GUILTY- released GUILTY- Another hearing for sentencing Step 4-sentencing- Release Probation Youth development center 90 days 4. Special programs- boot camp 5. Assign fines/restitutions or probation

28 The Seven Most Serious Delinquent Behaviors
There are seven offences that, if a child commits they will not be protected under the juvenile court. Murder, voluntary manslaughter, rape, aggravated sodomy, aggravated child molestation, aggravated sexual battery, & armed robbery with a firearm.

29 County and city government
*Georgia has the 2nd most counties in the U.S.(Texas 1st). *Georgia has 159 counties, each of these counties has a government. *In addition to these counties, there are almost 600 cities in Georgia. Each city has a government.

30 County Government Counties- are subdivisions of the state set up to carry out certain government functions. -providing courts of law -building & repairing roads -holding elections -police & fire protection Ran by the board of commissioners

31 *Some city services are
City Government -Over 500 cities and towns in Georgia *Some city services are police & fire protection, schools, taxes, and street & water services.

32 Forms of City Government
There are three types of government a city has weak mayor, strong mayor & council manager. Weak mayor-The mayor has limited power, appoints few officials and has little veto power.

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