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Subject Verb Agreement Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
GRAMMAR!! Subject Verb Agreement Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
Rules Singular and Plural Number
When a word refers to one person of thing, it is singular in number When a word refers to more than one, it is plural in number eg: One of the players was not wearing his glove. = singular eg2: Several of the players were not wearing their gloves. = Plural
Agreement of Subject and Verb
A verb agrees with its subject in number Singular subjects take singular verbs eg: Marcia attends college, but Laura goes to computer school Plural subjects take plural verbs eg: Marcia and Laura attend college but the other girls do not Singular I and you take verbs that do not end in “s” “Were” is normally plural except when used with singular you.
Selecting verbs that agree with their subjects
The number of subject is not changed by a phrase following the subject eg: One of the women is crying eg2: Both women from the senate were at the meeting with, together with, in addition to, as well as, along with Prepositional phrases beginning with expression above do not affect number of verb
Singular Nouns Each • Nobody Either • Anyone Neither • Anybody
One • Someone Everyone • Somebody Every body No one
Plural nouns Several Both Few Many
• Pronouns below maybe either singular or plural depending on meaning of the sentence
Some All Any Most None
Do not confuse both~and = plural verb.
Compound Subject Most compound subjects joined by and take a plural verb. Singular subjects joined by or or nor take singular verb eg: Niether~nor = take singular verb eg2: either~or = take plural verb Do not confuse both~and = plural verb. The word either may be omitted, but the number of the subject is not change as long as the parts are joined by or When singular and a plural subject are joined by or or nor the verb agrees with the nearer subject.
Collective nouns May be either singular or plural
Are nouns that names a group of person or objects Verb agrees with its subjects, not with its predicate nominative (refers to the subject, usually after the verb)
Other problems in agreement
When the subject follows a verb, as In sentences beginning with there and here, be careful to anticipate the subject, and make sure with that verb agrees with it Word stating amount are usually singular The number of takes a singular verb and a number of takes a plural verb. Every or many a before a word or a series of words is followed by singular verb The title of a work or art, literature, or music even when plural in form takes singular verb. Don’t and doesn’t must agree with their subject A pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and number
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