2 The Scientific Process A successful scientist uses the scientific process.The scientific process includes:questionhypothesismaterialsprocedurevariablestrials/ collecting dataconclusion based on your data.
3 Where to look for topics? Select a TopicWhat are my interests?What would I like to learn about?Do I have a question about something?Where to look for topics?Science Fair booksInternetTeacherDoes my project meet the rule requirements?
4 Science JournalThe log starts on the date you start your investigationEach new entry must be datedThis log is HANDWRITTEN – not typed- in a notebookALL observations and measurements are to be recorded
7 Testable Question This is a sentence or question about the problem. Example: What type of container will keep my soda cooler longer?Or I would like to compare the temperature of a glass bottle of soda to a can of soda.
8 Research BOOKS: Encyclopedias Topic Books Magazines/Newspapers INTERNET: Websites Search by TopicRESEARCHINTERVIEWS:Reliable source
9 Background ResearchMust be written in your own words. Do not just print the pages from the computer.Research your topic in books and onlineMake notes as you do the researchParaphrase what you read in your OWN wordsResearch may be typed or handwrittenMust list your sources in the bibliography in the correct format (on the materials list)
10 Form a HypothesisA hypothesis is a statement of what you believe will happen in the experiment. This statement is based on the research you have done.Do not start with “I think.”Examples: “The can will keep the soda cooler longer than the plastic or glass bottle.” OR“If soda is placed in can, then the soda will stay cooler longer than in plastic or glass.”
11 Design an Experiment Materials List: All materials needed to conduct the experiment:PaperPencilRulerMeasuring cupEtc.Procedure:The procedure is a step by step set of directions on how to do the experiment. Remember to use are metrics.Step 1 – gather all materialsStep 2 – explain how to set up experimentEtc.
12 Variables A variable is something that changes in an experiment. Manipulated variable- something you changeResponding variable- something that changes because of what you changeControlled variable- parts of the experiment that stay the same for all trials.A science experiment should have only ONE manipulated variable.
13 During the Experiment During the Experiment Observe: Watch Look Record: Notes Journal/Log ResultsDuring the ExperimentAnalyze Data: What have I learned from the results?
14 Repeat the ExperimentThe experiment is to be repeated at least 3 times. This is part of the rubric.This is done in order to prove the results as true.
15 Examples of Tables and Graphs DayDay 2Day3Plant with sun3 cm4 cm6 cmPlant with no sun.
16 ConclusionThis is a sentence or sentences that state what did happen during the experiment. What did you learn from the experiment?Use the conclusion to compare and contrast your results with your hypothesis, and compare and contrast your different trials.