Presentation on theme: "First English Permanent settlement"— Presentation transcript:
1 First English Permanent settlement Jamestown 1607First English Permanent settlement
2 English Settlers in Virginia (VA) A. Staking a Claim in the Americas– English merchants formed a joint-stock company, companies that sellshares to investors.a. Virginia Company of Plymouthb. Virginia Company of London2. Companies received a charter from King James to settle and tradecertain areas of America.a. London charter would settle in Virginia.b. Colonists would have the same rights as English citizens.
3 Jamestown – The First Permanent English Colony in North America Founded in 1607 London Company sent 144 men to begin a colony in NorthAmerica.a. Arrived in April 16072. Sailed sixty miles up the James River and established Jamestown.3. Jamestown’s Locationa. Good lookout for Spanish ships.b. Good for trade with the Indians.c. Problems:1. Swampy land2. Lacked drinking water“Starving Time”3. People knew nothing about living in the wilderness 4. Mosquitoes spread malaria5. People wanted only to “dig gold, wash gold, refinegold, load gold.”d. By January 1608 only 38 men still lived.
4 Governing Jamestowna. The Virginia Company chose a council of 13 men to rule the settlement.1. Captain John Smith – took charge in order to save the colony; heordered forts and homes built and stated:“Those that will not work, shall not eat!”2. Smith bargained for supplies with Native Americans, specifically thePowhatan Confederacya. Peaceful relations did not last between the colonists andNative Americans.b. Indians refused to supply food.c. Colonists used force to seize what they needed.d. Led to frequent warfare.e. Peace would not be restored until colonistJohn Rolfe married Pocahontas.
5 Growth of Jamestowna. Jamestown’s economy finally improved after 1612, with a new croptobacco.b. Planters set up tobacco plantations (large farms needing mass labor)and hired indentured servants - people who agreed to work a certainnumber of years (usually 3-4) in exchange for passage to America.c the first slaves were brought to Jamestown.
6 Representative Government A representative government is where voters elects representatives tomake the laws for them, and the colonists should have a say in the affairs ofthe colonies.b. To attract more settlers to Virginia, the Virginia Company allowed malesettlers to elect burgesses, or representatives to the government.c. Together the governor and the council made the laws for thecolonies.1. Virginia House of Burgesses – the first representative governmentthe English colonies.2. Met for the first time in 1619.d – King James I made Virginia a royal colony, a colony underthe control of the King of England.
7 Jamestown Commemorative Stamp Title your spiral Jamestown StampThe stamp is celebrating the first English permanent settlement in 1607Stamp must include:IllustrationOne reference to a hardshipOne example of representative governmentYear of Jamestown