The Lost Colony Roanoke Island, North Carolina in 1587 Governor John White White returns to England for supplies Returns 3 Years Later The Colony had Disappeared Still a Mystery— “The Lost Colony”
The Virginia Company of London Joint-Stock Company Investors paid money for shares in the company Investors would share in profits of company Given a charter to start a colony in North America Charter—written document that grants certain rights to a colony, state or group of people
Jamestown Founded in 1607 Located on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay in Virginia Started by the Virginia Company of London Named after King James I of England 40 of the 144 men died on the journey from England to the New World
Problems of the Jamestown Colony Spent time looking for gold instead of planting crops Did not make friends with the Native Americans Settled in an area infested with mosquitoes that carried deadly diseases “The Starving Time”— Harsh first winter— many died
John Smith Became governor in 1608 Improved Discipline Made Rule: “He who does not work does not eat.” Made men plant crops Improved relations with Indians
Tobacco John Rolfe learns to grow tobacco from Indians Becomes a successful export and cash crop Cash Crop—a crop sold to make a profit Export—goods sent from one country and sold to another country for a profit. Tobacco was popular in England.
Indentured Servants Planters (farmers) needed workers to grow and harvest the tobacco Indentured Servants agreed to work from 7 to 14 years for their passage to America Received food, clothing and shelter Sometimes land & money to start a new life
Enslaved Africans Began arriving in Jamestown in 1619 First Africans were indentured servants Freed Africans started their own farms First African Slaves in 1640 By 1660, slaves from African were being imported to Virginia Slavery spread to other colonies