Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2: Social and Political Change"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson 2: Social and Political Change Georgia StudiesUnit 5: The New SouthLesson 2: Social and Political ChangeStudy Presentation
2 Opening: Discuss Unit 5: Lesson 2 W.S. (Social & Political Change) Work Session: View GA Stories clip with facts; Work alone on answering Unit 5: Lesson 2 W.S.Closing: Summation
3 Unit 5: The New South Lesson 2: Social and Political Change NounsVerbs
4 Lesson 2: Social and Political Change History Standard – SS8H7The student will evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia between 1877 and 1918.
5 Find the major verbs and nouns and label them on your “T” Chart. SS8H7 Elementsb. Analyze how rights were denied to African-Americans through Jim Crow laws, Plessy v. Ferguson, disenfranchisement, and racial violence.c. Explain the roles of Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, John and Lugenia Burns Hope, and Alonzo Herndon.
6 Unit 5: The New South Lesson 2: Social and Political Change How rights were denied to African Americans through:Jim Crow LawsPlessy v. FergusonDisenfranchisementRacial ViolenceRoles of:Booker T. WashingtonW. E. B. DuBoisJohn and Lugenia Burns HopeAlonzo HerndonAnalyzeExplainNounsVerbs
7 Lesson 2: Social and Political Change ESSENTIAL QUESTION:How did influential African Americans influence social, political, and economic change?
8 Separate But Equal Civil Rights: rights a person has as a citizen Jim Crow laws passed to separate blacks and whites; legal basis for segregation (separation of people based on race)Plessy v. Ferguson: Homer Plessy, in an act of planned civil disobedience, was arrested for sitting in a white only train car. Plessy, who was only 1/8 black, was considered colored in Louisiana.Supreme Court decided that segregation (Jim Crow Laws) was allowed by federal law in public institutions as long as they were “separate but equal” – decision in place until 1954 (Brown v. Board of Education).
9 A Loss of Voting RightsRules created to keep African Americans in Georgia from voting (disenfranchisement):Poll tax: a tax paid to voteProperty test: Voters had to own propertyLiteracy test: Voters had to pass a literacy test (which was determined by the poll worker and could be different for different people)Grandfather clause: only those men whose fathers or grandfathers were eligible to vote in 1867 could voteGerrymandering: election districts drawn up to divide the African American voters
10 Racial ViolenceRace riots and terrorist activities (like the 1906 Atlanta Riot and the lynching of Leo Frank) increased during the New South ( ).White Supremacist Groups, like the Ku Klux Klan, continued to spread and grow throughout the South during this time period.Racial violence in the United States (particularly in the South) continued for decades and would not begin to slow until the civil rights movement of the 1960’s.
11 Booker T. Washington Outstanding civil rights leader of the era President of Tuskegee Institute in AlabamaSupported good relations between blacks and whitesWorked to improve the lives of African Americans through economic independenceBelieved social and political equality would come with improved economic conditions and education (known as accommodationism).Gave the famous “Atlanta Compromise” speech in 1895; discussed his ideas of shared responsibility and the importance of education over equality.
12 W. E. B. DuBois Professor at Atlanta University Recognized the importance of speeches given by Booker T. Washington but did not agree with accommodationismBelieved in “action” if African Americans and whites were to understand and accept each otherThought Booker T. Washington was too accepting of social injusticeBegan urging black activists to organize together in protest against segregation and discrimination.
13 African Americans Organize W.E.B. DuBois founded the Niagara movement; group which met in Niagara Falls to assemble a list of demands, which included the end of segregation and discriminationNAACP (1909): National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Worked for the rights of African AmericansW.E.B. DuBois left Atlanta to work for the NAACP in New YorkNational Urban League formed in 1910Worked to solve social problems of African Americans in citiesAssisted people moving from rural South to urban North
14 John and Lugenia Burns Hope John Hope was a Civil rights leader from Augusta, GAPresident of Atlanta UniversityLike DuBois, believed that African Americans should actively work for equalityPart of group that organized NAACPHope’s wife, Lugenia, worked to improve sanitation, roads, healthcare and education for African American neighborhoods in Atlanta
15 Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company Alonzo Herndon started barber business1905: Purchased small insurance company and managed it wellNow one of the largest African American businesses in the USWorth over $200 million and operates in 17 states
16 Women’s Suffrage Suffrage: the right to vote Seneca Falls, NY – famous meeting of suffragettes1920: 19th Amendment gives women the right to vote – Georgia did not ratify (approve) the amendment