Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Lesson 2: Social and Political Change

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2: Social and Political Change"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 2: Social and Political Change
Georgia Studies Unit 5: The New South Lesson 2: Social and Political Change Study Presentation

2 Opening: Discuss Unit 5: Lesson 2 W.S. (Social & Political Change)
Work Session: View GA Stories clip with facts; Work alone on answering Unit 5: Lesson 2 W.S. Closing: Summation

3 Unit 5: The New South Lesson 2: Social and Political Change
Nouns Verbs

4 Lesson 2: Social and Political Change
History Standard – SS8H7 The student will evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia between 1877 and 1918.

5 Find the major verbs and nouns and label them on your “T” Chart.
SS8H7 Elements b. Analyze how rights were denied to African-Americans through Jim Crow laws, Plessy v. Ferguson, disenfranchisement, and racial violence. c. Explain the roles of Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, John and Lugenia Burns Hope, and Alonzo Herndon.

6 Unit 5: The New South Lesson 2: Social and Political Change
How rights were denied to African Americans through: Jim Crow Laws Plessy v. Ferguson Disenfranchisement Racial Violence Roles of: Booker T. Washington W. E. B. DuBois John and Lugenia Burns Hope Alonzo Herndon Analyze Explain Nouns Verbs

7 Lesson 2: Social and Political Change
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How did influential African Americans influence social, political, and economic change?

8 Separate But Equal Civil Rights: rights a person has as a citizen
Jim Crow laws passed to separate blacks and whites; legal basis for segregation (separation of people based on race) Plessy v. Ferguson: Homer Plessy, in an act of planned civil disobedience, was arrested for sitting in a white only train car. Plessy, who was only 1/8 black, was considered colored in Louisiana. Supreme Court decided that segregation (Jim Crow Laws) was allowed by federal law in public institutions as long as they were “separate but equal” – decision in place until 1954 (Brown v. Board of Education).

9 A Loss of Voting Rights Rules created to keep African Americans in Georgia from voting (disenfranchisement): Poll tax: a tax paid to vote Property test: Voters had to own property Literacy test: Voters had to pass a literacy test (which was determined by the poll worker and could be different for different people) Grandfather clause: only those men whose fathers or grandfathers were eligible to vote in 1867 could vote Gerrymandering: election districts drawn up to divide the African American voters

10 Racial Violence Race riots and terrorist activities (like the 1906 Atlanta Riot and the lynching of Leo Frank) increased during the New South ( ). White Supremacist Groups, like the Ku Klux Klan, continued to spread and grow throughout the South during this time period. Racial violence in the United States (particularly in the South) continued for decades and would not begin to slow until the civil rights movement of the 1960’s.

11 Booker T. Washington Outstanding civil rights leader of the era
President of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama Supported good relations between blacks and whites Worked to improve the lives of African Americans through economic independence Believed social and political equality would come with improved economic conditions and education (known as accommodationism). Gave the famous “Atlanta Compromise” speech in 1895; discussed his ideas of shared responsibility and the importance of education over equality.

12 W. E. B. DuBois Professor at Atlanta University
Recognized the importance of speeches given by Booker T. Washington but did not agree with accommodationism Believed in “action” if African Americans and whites were to understand and accept each other Thought Booker T. Washington was too accepting of social injustice Began urging black activists to organize together in protest against segregation and discrimination.

13 African Americans Organize
W.E.B. DuBois founded the Niagara movement; group which met in Niagara Falls to assemble a list of demands, which included the end of segregation and discrimination NAACP (1909): National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Worked for the rights of African Americans W.E.B. DuBois left Atlanta to work for the NAACP in New York National Urban League formed in 1910 Worked to solve social problems of African Americans in cities Assisted people moving from rural South to urban North

14 John and Lugenia Burns Hope
John Hope was a Civil rights leader from Augusta, GA President of Atlanta University Like DuBois, believed that African Americans should actively work for equality Part of group that organized NAACP Hope’s wife, Lugenia, worked to improve sanitation, roads, healthcare and education for African American neighborhoods in Atlanta

15 Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company
Alonzo Herndon started barber business 1905: Purchased small insurance company and managed it well Now one of the largest African American businesses in the US Worth over $200 million and operates in 17 states

16 Women’s Suffrage Suffrage: the right to vote
Seneca Falls, NY – famous meeting of suffragettes 1920: 19th Amendment gives women the right to vote – Georgia did not ratify (approve) the amendment

Download ppt "Lesson 2: Social and Political Change"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google