Presentation on theme: "WHEN did the Industrial Revolution come to the U.S. ?"— Presentation transcript:
1 WHEN did the Industrial Revolution come to the U.S. ? Industry and Inventions 5W & H Using the provided reading, answer the following in complete sentences:WHO first began “producing goods through new methods” in the early 1700’s?WHAT is the name for the “historic change” from “farms to work in the mills” ?WHEN did the Industrial Revolution come to the U.S. ?WHERE did the Industrial Revolution first begin in the United States?WHY was the Industrial Revolution so successful in the region it first came to? (Hint: There are 3 main reasons)HOW were mill owners able to get people to leave their farms to work in the cities?
2 Industry and Inventions Compass Points Needs- What needs did the U.S. have during the early 1800's that the Industrial Revolution filled?Excitements- What groups were most likely excited about the economic changes brought on by the Industrial Revolution?Stance- How did Madison's past political stance (asking Congress for a declaration of war) act as a cause of the Industrial Revolution?Worries- What group had good reason to worry about the possible economic and environmental effects of the Industrial Revolution?
3 Early Industry and Inventions Manufacturing, Transportation, Communication, and Farming
4 Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution- a major change in the American economy due to the introduction of power-driven machinery during the late 18th centuryFactory machines replaced hand toolsManufacturing replaced farming as the main source of workBefore this, most manufacturing was done in the homeCottage industry: Farm families produced what they neededIn the 1700’s, Britain jumped ahead of the U.S. in industrial production with the steam engineBritain carefully guarded their secretTurn and Talk- Why do you think they would do this?
5 Industry Begins in the U.S. 1789- Samuel Slater came to the U.S. from BritainBrought plans for a water powered textile millProgress was slow until the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812How did these events help increase manufacturing?
6 Factory SystemFactory system- brought workers and machines together under one roofMoved from an agricultural society to one focused on industrializationDevelopment of industry (processing raw materials to manufacture goods) on a large scaleThis change was not always for the betterIn what ways would industrialization be negative? Think of your city during the Urban Game…
7 New England was a good place to set up factories Had many fast-moving riversShips and ports for quick transport of goodsWilling labor force
8 The Lowell Mills Hire Women 1813: Francis Cabot Lowell built a factory in MassachusettsSpun cotton into yarn and wove the cotton into cloth“Lowell Girls” lived in boardinghouses supervised by older womenStrict rulesForced church attendanceWorked over 12 hours a day in extremely loud factories
9 Interchangeable Parts Interchangeable Parts- Identical parts that can be substituted in the manufacture or repair of a productInvented by Eli WhitneyFirst created for muskets for the U.S. militaryFactories began producing matching parts to many productsSped up production, made repairs easier, and allowed the use of lower-paid, less skilled workers
10 The Cotton Gin Eli Whitney also invented the cotton gin The gin took the seeds out of the cotton, which was much faster than doing it by handFrom 1 to 50 lbs per dayResulted in cotton as a viable cash cropIncreased the need for more land and slaves
11 SteamboatSome inventions increased production (cotton gin, interchangeable parts) while others improved transportation and communication1807- Robert Fulton designed a steamboat that could move against the current and the windClermontCreated more opportunities for trade and transportation on rivers
12 The Telegraph 1837- invented by Samuel Morse Sent long and short pulses of electricity along a wireTook only seconds to communicate with another cityBoth the steamboat and telegraph brought the people of the nation closer to each other