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Chapter 7 Section 2 The President’s Job.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Section 2 The President’s Job."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7 Section 2 The President’s Job

2 Vocabulary: Veto – To officially reject a law presented for approval
Congress- The Legislative Branch of the United States Government, consisted of the Senate and the House of Representatives Pardon – to be excused from punishment Executive Order – a command or rule established by the President that has the same effect as a law

3 Vocabulary: Reprieve – an order to delay a punishment until a higher court can hear the case Amnesty – a pardon that covers a group of people Appointment – to name someone to a position Diplomat – an official representing a country in another country

4 Vocabulary: Bills – ideas for laws that are to be voted on in Congress
Fiscal Year – calendar used for taxing and business purposes

5 1. Which Article of the constitution describes the powers of the President?
Article II “Executive Power shall be invested in a President…” The person in charge of carrying out the laws in the United States is a President MAIN JOB: Carry out laws made by congress

6 2. List the Constitutional Powers of the President.
Veto bills passed in congress Call special sessions of Congress Serve as Commander in Chief of the military Host foreign leaders Make treaties with other countries* Appoints heads of executive agencies, federal court judges, ambassadors, and other government officials* Pardon or Reduce Sentences of Federal Criminals * Requires Congressional Approval

7 3. What is the “State of the Union” Address?
A speech given by the president yearly to update Congress and the Nation on the progress that has been made through out the Country, the needs of the Nation, and the President’s vision on how to improve the Nation Given in January Televised by all major networks

8 4. What is the most important role of the President?
Chief Executive: Uses 15 cabinet positions to ensure laws are carried out Has the authority to issue executive orders Appoints Supreme Court Justices who have the final say in if a law is going to become a law Has the power to override punishments with pardons, reprieves, and amnesty

9 5. How many cabinet departments is the President in charge of?
Agriculture Commerce Interior Labor Defense State Education Transportation Energy Treasury Health and Human Services Veterans Affairs Homeland Security Attorney General Housing and Urban Development

10 6. Why is an executive order needed?
The President does not have the power to make laws, only Congress can make laws The power is needed in order to ensure that the law is faithfully executed

11 7. What branch of government does the President make appointments to?
The Supreme Court Congress must approve appointments Presidents appoint justices who have views similar to theirs

12 8. What power does the President have when dealing with criminals?
Pardon Amnesty Reprieve

13 9. What is the President’s Responsibility as chief diplomat?
Making decisions on how the United States will deal with other countries Current example: CUBA

14 10. What does the role of Commander in Chief allow the President to do?
The President is in charge of ALL branches of the Armed Forces Armed Forces: Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy Gives the power to enforce all foreign relations Cannot declare war, Congress holds that power War has been declared 5 times in US History Can send troops into action without Congressional Approval Troops have been sent into action more that 150 times overseas

15 11. Describe the War Powers Resolution.
Passed in 1973 in response to the Vietnam Conflict Limits the President’s power to send troops into battle War Powers Resolution, 1973 Congress must receive 48 hours of notification before troops are sent into action Troops must be brought home within 60 days unless Congress gives approval or declares war

16 12. Describe how the President and Congress work together to pass laws
12. Describe how the President and Congress work together to pass laws. What are some complications to this process? The President and their cabinet present legislation that they would like passed called a Legislative Program Congress then works on drafting legislation to address this program The President and Congress often have conflicting view points, President represents everyone, Congress only their district

17 13. As Head of State, what is expected from the President?
To entertain foreign dignitaries Preform ceremonies through out the year

18 14. When it comes to the economy what is expected of the President every year?
The President sets up programs to help improve unemployment, rising prices, and rising taxes The President must present a budget to congress for approval Failure to gain approval within the year can lead to governmental shutdown

19 15. How does the President help his political party in exchange for the hard work the party put in to get them elected? They give speeches at party events They support candidates during elections Fundraising

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