# International Center for Leadership in Education Dr. Willard R. Daggett Education Challenge What Makes Successful Schools Work? January 21, 2008.

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International Center for Leadership in Education Dr. Willard R. Daggett Education Challenge What Makes Successful Schools Work? January 21, 2008

Skills Gap

International Center Finding Nations top performing Nations most rapidly improving

Successful Schools Why Why What What How How

Application Model 1. Knowledge in one discipline 2. Application within discipline 3. Application across disciplines 4. Application to real-world predictable situations 5. Application to real-world unpredictable situations

Rigor/Relevance For All Students

1.Awareness 2.Comprehension 3.Application 4.Analysis 5.Synthesis 6.Evaluation Knowledge Taxonomy Knowledge Taxonomy

Application Model 1. Knowledge in one discipline 2. Application within discipline 3. Application across disciplines 4. Application to real-world predictable situations 5. Application to real-world unpredictable situations

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

12345 Application Knowledge 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rigor/Relevance Framework

1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.

1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid.

1 2 3 4 5 6 12345 A B D C Rigor/Relevance Framework Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs.

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

1 2 3 12345 A B D C Calculate with numbers, including decimals, ratios, percents, and fractions. Understand two-dimensional motion and trajectories by separating the motion of an object into x and y components.

Successful Schools Why Why What What How How

Challenges Globalization

Computer Sales Dell Sony Compaq HP IBM Think Pad Apple NEC Gateway Toshiba Quanta Wispron Asustek Compal Inventec Computer Manufacturers Mainland China Companies 90 %

Cities with 1 Million People United States Europe China (2006) China (2020) 9 36 100 + 160 +

Challenges Technology Globalization

E-mail Web pages Google iPODs Laptops Digital cameras Doppler radar Cell Phones Debit cards

Blogs Wikis Tagging Text messaging MySpace Podcasts PDAs Genetic code

Projection Keyboard

Projection Keyboard and Projector

Challenges Technology Globalization Demographics

1910 3.0 / 100 Demographics / Economic 1946 4.6 / 100 20001.4 – 1.8 / 100

Challenges Technology Globalization Demographics Values / Beliefs

Larger Context 1901 – 24G.I. 1925 – 45Silent 1946 – 60Boomers 1961 – 81Gen X 1982 -Millennial

Challenges Technology Globalization Demographics Values / Beliefs

Federal Budget 2006 Deficit \$1.3 trillion \$11, 434 per household \$516,348 \$31,000 per year for 75 years Total per household Source: USA Today

Successful Schools Why Why What What How How

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 1. Create a Culture to Support R & R For ALL Students

Challenges Technology Globalization Demographics Values / Beliefs

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 1. Create a Culture to Support R & R For ALL Students 2. Build and Use Data to Guide Whole-School / District Reform

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school)

National Essential Skills Study Language Arts MathematicsScience

CAS English LA Benchmarks Tested

FCAT English LA Benchmarks Tested

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school) Student Engagement (The extent to which students are motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)

Florida Arts Education Florida Language Arts Strands/Standards/Benchmarks Grade 7 FCAT Visual ArtsDanceMusicTheatre Benchmark LA.A.1.3.2: the student uses a variety of strategies to analyze words and text, draw conclusions, use context and word structure clues, and recognize organizational patterns. HHHHH Benchmark LA.A.2.3.1: the student determines the main idea or essential message in a text and identifies relevant details and facts and patterns of organization. HHHHH Benchmark LA.B.2.3.4: the student uses electronic technology including databases and software to gather information and communicate new knowledge. LLLLL Benchmark LA.E.1.3.2: the student recognizes complex elements of plot, including setting, character development, conflicts, and resolutions. HHHHH Benchmark LA.E.1.3.5: the student identifies common themes in literature LMMMH

Florida Career and Technical Education Florida Language Arts Standards/Benchmarks Grades 9-12 FCAT Ag Services Buildin g Trades Communica- tions Child Care Network Systems Determines the main idea and identifies relevant details, methods of development, and their effectiveness in a variety of types of written material. LA.A.2.4.1 HHHHMH Writes text, notes, outlines, comments, and observations that demonstrate Comprehension and synthesis of content, processes, and experiences from a variety of media. LA.B.2.4.1 LHMHMH Writes fluently for a variety of occasions, audiences, and purposes, making appropriate choices regarding style, tone, level of detail, and organization. LA.B.2.4.3 HHMHHH Understands specific ways in which language has shaped the reactions, perceptions, and beliefs of the local, national, and global communities. LA.D.2.4.1 LMLMML Identifies the characteristics that distinguish literary forms. LA.E.1.4.1 LLLMML

Student Survey Percentages Survey Statement TotalMaleFemale I enjoy being at school 50.247.453.2 Teachers make school an exciting place to learn 33.032.932.6 School is boring 45.549.941.5 Teachers have fun at school 38.539.837.6 Learning can be fun 63.559.069.3

Student Survey Percentages Survey Statement TotalMaleFemale At school I am encouraged to be creative 58.856.461.3 My classes help me understand what is happening in my everyday life 39.839.340.9 I learn new things that are interesting to me at school 66.363.869.9

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school) Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant learning beyond the minimum requirements) Student Engagement (The extent to which students are motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships with adults, peers, and parents that support learning)

American Education RigorRigor S t u d e n t s 2007 and Beyond 1850 - 1950

Stretch Learning Data Indicators Credits Earned Interdisciplinary Work (e.g. Senior Exhibition) International Baccalaureate Advanced Placement Courses 3 Year Foreign Language Specialized Certificates

Student Survey Percentages Survey Statement TotalMaleFemale I put forth my best effort at school 66.960.374.6 Getting good grades is important to me 83.779.189.9

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school) Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant learning beyond the minimum requirements) Student Engagement (The extent to which students are motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships with adults, peers, and parents that support learning) Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social, service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of positive behaviors and attitudes)

Guiding Principles Responsibility Responsibility Contemplation Contemplation Initiative Initiative Perseverance Perseverance Optimism Optimism Courage Courage Respect Respect Compassion Compassion Adaptability Adaptability Honesty Honesty Trustworthiness Trustworthiness Loyalty Loyalty

Student Survey Percentages Survey Statement TotalMaleFemale School is a welcoming and friendly place 62.862.963.0 Teachers care about my problems and feelings 45.643.548.3 I am proud of my school 48.847.850.8

Student Survey Percentages Survey Statement TotalMaleFemale Students respect teachers 39.141.536.9 Teachers respect students 54.253.855.7 Students respect each other 29.431.827.3

Student Survey Percentages Survey Statement TotalMaleFemale Teachers care about me as an individual 51.050.152.7 Teachers care if I am absent from school 49.547.752.1

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school) Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant learning beyond the minimum requirements) Student Engagement (The extent to which students are motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships with adults, peers, and parents that support learning) Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social, service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of positive behaviors and attitudes)

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school)

Not on the Test

Criteria Core Academic Learning (Achievement in the core subjects of English language arts, math and science and others identified by the school) Stretch Learning (Demonstration of rigorous and relevant learning beyond the minimum requirements) Student Engagement (The extent to which students are motivated and committed to learning; have a sense of belonging and accomplishment; and have relationships with adults, peers, and parents that support learning) Personal Skill Development (Measures of personal, social, service, and leadership skills and demonstrations of positive behaviors and attitudes)

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 1. Create a Culture to Support R & R For ALL Students 2. Build and Use Data to Guide Whole-School / District Reform 3. Create and Support Leadership Teams

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 1. Create a Culture to Support R & R For ALL Students 2. Build and Use Data to Guide Whole-School / District Reform 3. Create and Support Leadership Teams 4. Define Student Learning Expectations

National Essential Skills Study Language Arts MathematicsScience

CAS English LA Benchmarks Tested

2005 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 82 % Texas 81 % Montana 81 % Florida 71 % Massachusetts 48 % California 48 % South Carolina 35 %

2005 Proficiency Grade 4 Reading Proficient Required NAEP Score North Carolina 82 %183 Texas 81 %190 Montana 81 %197 Florida 71 %202 Massachusetts 48 %234 California 48 %210 South Carolina 35 %228

2005-06 Lexile Framework ® for Reading Study Summary of Text Lexile Measures 600 800 1000 1400 1600 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) High School Literature College Literature High School Textbooks College Textbooks Military Personal Use Entry-Level Occupations SAT 1, ACT, AP* * Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 1. Create a Culture to Support R & R For ALL Students 2. Build and Use Data to Guide Whole-School / District Reform 3. Create and Support Leadership Teams 4. Define Student Learning Expectations

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 5. Concentrate on Effective Instructional Practices

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

Input to Brain FrontBack

Sight Hearing Input to Brain

Sight Hearing Input to Brain

Sight Hearing Input to Brain

Sight Hearing A Input to Brain

Sight Connections / Pathways Hearing C Association Area

Sight Connections / Pathways Prefrontal Cortex Hearing C Association Area B D

Sight Connections / Pathways Prefrontal Cortex Hearing Association Area

Sight Connections / Pathways Prefrontal Cortex Hearing Association Area

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

I CAN Learn ® Algebra What Works Clearinghouse: Recognized Evidence of Success US Dept.of Education: Promising Mathematics Program

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 6. Address Organizational Structures 5. Concentrate on Effective Instructional Practices

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 6. Address Organizational Structures 7. Monitor Student Progress 5. Concentrate on Effective Instructional Practices

Levels CDCDABABCDCDABAB 1 2 3 4 5 4 5 6 3 2 1 Blooms Application

Eight Implementation Steps to Excellence 6. Address Organizational Structures 7. Monitor Student Progress 5. Concentrate on Effective Instructional Practices 8. Review and Refine Process

What Works Rigor and Relevance Academics Into: –Arts –CTE Interdisciplinary Academies Electives in 9 th Grade Foreign Language Looping Technology –Read 180 –I CAN Learn

1587 Route 146 Rexford, NY 12148 Phone (518) 399-2776 Fax (518) 399-7607 E-mail - info@LeaderEd.com www.LeaderEd.com International Center for Leadership in Education, Inc.

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