International Center for Leadership in Education

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International Center for Leadership in Education Dr. Willard R. Daggett Rigor & Relevance August 22, 2007.

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International Center for Leadership in Education
Rigor & Relevance August 14, 2007 Dr. Willard R. Daggett International Center for Leadership in Education

Skills Gap

Change Process Why What How

Rigor/Relevance For All Students

Knowledge Taxonomy 1. Awareness 2. Comprehension 3. Application
4. Analysis 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation

Application Model 1. Knowledge in one discipline
2. Application within discipline 3. Application across disciplines 4. Application to real-world predictable situations 5. Application to real-world unpredictable situations

Rigor/Relevance Framework
Knowledge 1 2 3 4 5 6 Application 1 2 3 4 5

Levels Bloom’s C D A B 6 5 4 3 2 1 Application

D C B A Rigor/Relevance Framework 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5
Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. D C 5 4 3 Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. 2 A B 1 1 2 3 4 5

D C B A Rigor/Relevance Framework 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5
Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. D Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. C 5 4 3 Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. 2 A B 1 1 2 3 4 5

D C B A Rigor/Relevance Framework 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5
Obtain historical data about local weather to predict the chance of snow, rain, or sun during year. Test consumer products and illustrate the data graphically. Plan a large school event and calculate resources (food, decorations, etc.) you need to organize and hold this event. Make a scale drawing of the classroom on grid paper, each group using a different scale. Analyze the graphs of the perimeters and areas of squares having different-length sides. Determine the largest rectangular area for a fixed perimeter. Identify coordinates for ordered pairs that satisfy an algebraic relation or function. Determine and justify the similarity or congruence for two geometric shapes. Calculate percentages of advertising in a newspaper. Tour the school building and identify examples of parallel and perpendicular lines, planes, and angles. Determine the median and mode of real data displayed in a histogram Organize and display collected data, using appropriate tables, charts, or graphs. D C 5 4 3 Express probabilities as fractions, percents, or decimals. Classify triangles according to angle size and/or length of sides. Calculate volume of simple three- dimensional shapes. Given the coordinates of a quadrilateral, plot the quadrilateral on a grid. 2 A B 1 1 2 3 4 5

Levels Bloom’s C D A B 6 5 4 3 2 1 Application

Change Process Why What How

Education exists in the larger context of society.

When society changes – so too must education if it is to remain viable!

Technology

Information Technology
Processing Communications

1983 - A Nation at Risk E-mail Web pages Google iPODs Laptops
Digital cameras Doppler radar Cell Phones Debit cards

2000 Blogs Wikis Tagging Text messaging MySpace Podcasts PDAs
Genetic code

Millennial-oriented Technology
Blogs Wikis Tagging Instant Messaging MySpace Podcasts

Children Aged 8-14 Help Parents Online…
/pictures – 38% Respond to correspondence – 36% Get directions – 35% Help file income tax online – 14%

Today’s Youth Digital Learners Multimedia Find and manipulate data
Analyze data and images

Research Donald Roberts - Stanford
Jordan Grafman – National Institute of Neurological Disorders Hal Pashler – University of California Cheryl Grady – Rothman Research Center, Toronto David Meyer – University of Michigan Claudia Knooz – Duke

Multitasking Toggling Prefrontal Cortex Pew Research

Count the Number of Passes the White Shirted Team Makes

Kids live in an iPhone World !

Education is a chalkboard world

Information Technology
Processing Communications

Central Units’ Memory = 8 MB
1964 IBM System / 360 Mainframe Central Units’ Memory = 8 MB 2004 iPod = 4 GB 2005 iPod = 20 GB 2006 iPod = 80 GB

Image source: www.dell.com

Image source: http://robota.dem.uc.pt/pda_control/pda2.JPG

Information Technology
Processing Communications

Nano Technology Atom Up

SPOT Microsoft Citizen Fossil Suunco

SPOT Integrated Projection Projection Keyboard

Projection Keyboard

Projection Keyboard and Projector

Language Translation

Translation Goggles

Bio Technology Biological Science Practical Application

Globalization

Computer Sales Computer Manufacturers Dell Sony Compaq Quanta HP
IBM Think Pad Apple NEC Gateway Toshiba Quanta Wispron Asustek Compal Inventec 90 % Mainland China Companies

Cities with 1 Million People
United States Eastern / Western Europe China (2006) China (2020) 9 36 100 + 160 +

Challenges Technology Globalization Demographics

Challenges Technology Globalization Demographics Values / Beliefs

Change Process Why What How

Are we teaching / assessing the right standards for success in school and beyond?

Washington Career and Technical Education
Washington English Language Arts Grade Level Expectations Grade 9/10 WASL Grade 10 Agriculture & Natural Resources Architecture & Construction Arts, AV Tech & Communications Ag Production Ag Services Ag Mechanics Natural Resources Architecture Surveying & Drafting Visual Arts & Design Performing Arts Communica- tions 1.2.2 Apply strategies to comprehend words and ideas. L H M 1.3.2 Understand and apply content/academic vocabulary critical to the meaning of the text, including vocabularies relevant to different contexts, cultures, and communities. 2.1.4 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies for informational and technical materials, complex narratives, and expositions: use prior knowledge. 2.1.5 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies for informational and technical materials, complex narratives, and expositions: synthesize ideas from selections to make predictions and inferences. 2.2.3 Analyze story elements. 2.2.4 Apply understanding of text organizational structures.

Washington Arts Education
Grade Level Expectations 6th Grade WASL Visual Arts Dance Music Theatre 1.2.1 Understand and apply dictionary skills and other reference skills. L 1.3.2 Understand and apply content/academic vocabulary critical to the meaning of text H 2.1.3 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies during and after reading: determine importance using theme, main idea, and supporting details in grade-level informational/expository text and/or literary/narrative text 2.1.5 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies before, during, and after reading: predict and infer 2.1.7 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies during and after reading: summarize grade-level informational / expository text and literary/narrative text

Right Standards Are we teaching / assessing to an adequate level of proficiency for post high school success?

Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)
Lexile Framework® for Reading Study Summary of Text Lexile Measures Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%) 1600 1400 1200 Text Lexile Measure (L) 1000 800 600 High School Literature College Literature High School Textbooks College Textbooks Military Personal Use Entry-Level Occupations SAT 1, ACT, AP* * Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics

Curriculum Scope and Sequence

Right Standards Right level of proficiency Are we teaching / assessing ALL students’ ability to apply the standard to post high school responsibilities?

Levels Bloom’s C D A B 6 5 4 3 2 1 Application

I CAN Learn® Algebra What Works Clearinghouse: Recognized Evidence of Success US Dept.of Education: “Promising” Mathematics Program

Change Process Why What How

Larger Context 1901 – 24 G.I. 1925 – 45 Silent 1946 – 60 Boomers
1961 – 81 Gen X Millennial

Change Process Why What How

International Center for Leadership in Education, Inc.
1587 Route 146 Rexford, NY Phone (518) Fax (518) -

Change Process Why What How