Presentation on theme: "Do the Things that Will Earn You High Marks with College Board Readers"— Presentation transcript:
1 Do the Things that Will Earn You High Marks with College Board Readers Writing for APUSHDo the Things that Will Earn You High Marks with College Board Readers
2 What is Included in the Essay Portion of the Exam? The free-response section covers the period from the first European explorations of the Americas to The section has three parts. Part A has one document-based essay question (DBQ). Parts B and C each offer a choice of two standard essay questions.
3 How Much of the APUSH Exam Score Comes From Essays? The multiple-choice and free-response sections each account for one-half of your final Exam grade. Within the free- response section, the document-based essay question counts for 45 percent and the two standard essays count for 55 percent.
4 The Truth About All APUSH Essays The most important task is to ANSWER the QUESTION!
5 Don’t Forget Everything You’ve Learned About Essays… Adapt to New RulesEvery AP Test Has Unique RequirementsIt is Not “One Size Fits All”It Makes No Sense to Insist Upon Doing it YOUR WAY!
6 In Class, You Have Three Readers to Worry About Miss CarlsonMr. ChapmanMr. Devaney
7 But With the APUSH Exam… You need to write with the understanding that any one of more than 1200 readers could get your essay Therefore you should follow the rules in order to “pass” the exam
9 The Jury for your Argument is the Reader The Jury for your Argument is the Reader. You Must Convince the Reader of the Validity of Your ArgumentProvide Evidence to Support Your ArgumentProvide Analysis to Explain Your Evidence
10 Steps for Writing an AP U.S. History Timed Essay Carefully read and analyze the promptHighlight key terms (e.g. assess, explain).Identify and plan to answer all parts of the essay prompt.Develop a preliminary thesis/positionThis is the argument your paper will make and support.Make sure your thesis addresses all parts of the prompt, is well- developed, and supported by several main points.Brainstorm & CategorizeList every relevant issue, historical term, name, event, etc. from the time period that might apply to your essay.Create categories (or use the categories suggested by the prompt) to help organize your ideas.Always complete steps 1-3 BEFORE looking at the documents in a DBQ.
11 Steps for Writing an APUSH Timed Essay Read the Documents (Skip if not a DBQ)Read each document.Look for the main idea of each document as it relates to your thesis.Examine each document for connections or links to outside information.Consider the questions that are part of SOAPS, APPARTS, etc.Speaker, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, SubjectAuthor, Place, Prior knowledge, Audience, Reason, The main point, SignificanceIgnore any documents that you don’t understand or know how to use.Revise your thesis, categories and outlines as necessaryIncorporate the main points from the documents and the outside information suggested by the documents in your outlineRevise your thesis, if necessary, and consider creating a complex type of thesis statement by using key words such as “although,” “despite,” “however,” etc.Make sure that each main point is well supported with appropriate analysis and multiple examples.
12 Steps for Writing an AP U.S. History Timed Essay Write the essayIntroduction with background, timeframe, and thesisBody paragraphs – one for each main idea – that address each of the parts of the prompt. Cover all points with evidence and analysis. Transition smoothly between paragraphs.Conclusion – summarize and restate your thesis. Wrap up with a final statement that brings closure.ProofreadUse any extra time to reread your essay.Make corrections that are neat and easy to read and understand.If you remember new information, write a new paragraph, circle it, and draw an arrow to indicate where the new paragraph should be inserted into the essay.
13 HOTT Introductions Hook statement that draws the reader in Overview or Background with a timeframeThesis – your answer to the promptTopics – sentence(s) that introduce the main points that will support your thesis and be fully developed in the essay. It is best to keep these in the same order throughout the essay.
14 Body Paragraphs that Pass the TEST Topic Sentence – the theme of the paragraphEvidence and Analysis – factual information along with the How and Why (analysis)Summary Statement – a reminder of the sub- points of the paragraphTransition – finish off paragraph and introduce theme of the next paragraph
15 Come to a STOP with a Good Conclusion Summarize the themes/main pointsThesis restatementOmit any new informationPerspective – Finish essay with a sentence that unifies the essay and/or puts it in historical perspective
16 History Essay Tips Things to Do: Adhere to the steps to writing a good essay and its basic structureDeal honestly with counter-evidence and arguments in either the appropriate body paragraph or in a separate one. Never create “straw man” argumentsStart off essay with your strongest argument/evidence. Consider presenting your weakest argument in the middle so that you can finish strong.Remain objective. Do not inject your personal opinion, but take a position on the prompt. Watch your wording.
17 History Essay Tips Using Primary Source Documents in an Essay: Identify the main point of each document and relate it to your thesis/argumentUse the documents to remind you of other outside information to incorporate in the essayDo not paraphrase or summarize a document. Never allow the focus of a paragraph or an essay to shift from the prompt and your thesis to the documentsTry to use the main ideas and outside information suggested by as many documents as possible, however, never use a document you don’t understand or are unsure of.
18 History Essay Tips Using Primary Source Documents in an Essay: Use at least HALF + One to attain substantial usageRefrain from quoting a document – it wastes precious time and most readers consider it a sign of desperationDo not explicitly refer to a document (e.g. “As it says in Document A…”)Cite documents parenthetically (Doc. A) but the reader will recognize skillful use of a document even without a citationJefferson believed that the Line would cause more sectional issues. (Doc. F)
19 History Essay Tips Mistakes to Avoid: Generalizations and unsupported statementsEquivocation (Take a reasonable position, don’t try to argue both sides of a question)Use of the first or second person voice (e.g. “I,” “You,” “We,” “Us,” “Y’all,” etc.)Absolutes (e.g. “never,” “always,” “completely,” etc.)Vague verbs (e.g. “felt,” “thought,” “said,” etc.)Contractions (e.g. “don’t,” “won’t,” etc.)Slang, figures of speech, & other non-academic phrases
20 Common Types of Essay Terms Analyze: to break into parts and explain the parts Assess: to weigh the evidence and make a judgment Compare: Show how things are alike Contrast: Show how things are different Discuss: to tell about the main points and important details Evaluate: to give your opinion of what is important; discuss its good and bad points; discuss its strengths and weaknesses Extent: how much, to what degree
21 Common Types of Essay Terms Identify: to name and explain Infer: to draw a conclusion based on fact Justify: to give reasons and evidence to support your thinking Relate: to show how things are alike or connected Sequence: to put in correct order Synthesize: to combine parts or pieces of an idea, situation or event Validity: how accurate something is
22 Ten Types of History Essay Questions Change Over Time“The period from 1783 to 1815 was a period of evolution to economic maturity for the infant United States.” Assess the validity of this view.“Between 1790 and 1870 the economic growth of the United States was significantly stimulated by governmental aid.” Assess the validity of this statement.Cause and EffectWhy did the United States enter the First World War?What caused the Civil War?Compare and ContrastCompare and contrast Jacksonian Democracy and Jeffersonian Democracy.Compare and contrast three colonies—Virginia, Pennsylvania, MassachusettsDefine and IdentifyDiscuss Jacksonian DemocracyStatement, React To It“Presidents are rarely successful in both foreign and domestic policy.” Assess the validity of this statement.“Slavery was the sole cause of the Civil War.” Evaluate this statement.
23 Ten Types of History Essay Questions EvaluationPick any three of the following and evaluate their effectiveness as political leaders.George WashingtonJohn C. CalhounThomas JeffersonHenry ClayJohn Quincy AdamsDaniel Webster Was colonial society democratic?A Statement From a Particular ViewpointDefend British policies during the period from 1763 to 1776.According to radical historians, what have been the foreign policy objectives of the United States in the twentieth century?Given Framework“The powers of the President grew because of war and foreign crises.” Evaluate this statement.“The United States displayed all the typical characteristics of a new nation during the early republic, ” Assess the validity of this view.
24 Ten Types of History Essay Questions Problem-Solution“What causes of the Civil War were resolved by the Civil War and Reconstruction?The Progressive movement solved problems that arose from Industrialization.” Discuss this statement.Answer and IncludeAnalyze the relative importance of three of the following as contributing to the Civil Rights movement.Gunnar Mydral, An American DilemmaThe desegregation of the armed forcesBrown v. Board of EducationAfrican American demographic shifts Identify and analyze the issues separating the United States and theSoviet Union during the Cold War as illustrated by three of the following.NATO and the Warsaw PactThe Korean WarThe Berlin WallThe nuclear arms race
25 This is a real College Board rubric for a previous FRQ. Let’s Look at a RubricThis is a real College Board rubric for a previous FRQ.