What Is Human Amniotic Membrane? What Is Human Amniotic Membrane? A unique, avascular membrane separating the mother from the fetus. Provides an incubating environment promoting cellular differentiation. Provides an immunological barrier to prevent “foreign body” rejection.
Anatomy of the Ocular Surface Anatomy of the Ocular Surface (1) Conjunctival Epithelium (2) Corneal Epithelium (6) Limbus – Stem Cells
History of AM in Ophthalmology History of AM in Ophthalmology De Rotth. conjunctival defects (1940). Lavery. lime burn of conjunctiva and cornea (1946). Sorsby et al. caustic soda burns (1947). ALLOTRANSPLANTAT [late 80’s USSR->Venezuela, DR] Batlle and Perdomo. Conjunctival substitute with placental allotransplant. Scientific Poster 25. American Academy of Ophthalmology meeting. Chicago, IL USA. October 1993. Kim and Tseng. Transplantation of preserved human amniotic membrane for surface reconstruction in severely damaged rabbit corneas. Cornea 14:473-84, 1995. [