Presentation on theme: "Understanding Mental and Emotional Health"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Mental and Emotional Health Mental and emotional health is the ability to deal in a reasonable way with the stresses and changes of daily life.People who are in good mental and emotional health usually:Have a positive attitude and outlook on life.Accept their limitations and set realistic goals.Have a positive view of themselves and others.
2 ME vs MYSELF - - mental and emotional health Good mental and emotional health is essential to good overall wellness. Many “me vs myself” conflicts begin because of poor health in one of these areas:Expressions of feelingsCoping skillsStress managementAnger controlSelf concept/self esteemPersonality
3 Understanding Who You Are Good mental and emotional health means:Understanding and accepting yourself.Recognizing your strengths and working towards improving your weaknesses.Recognizing that you are a unique individual.
4 The teen brainThe pre-frontal cortex is responsible for long term decision making and doesn’t finishing maturing tunil the mid 20’s. Therefore, most decisions teens make, unless they are taught decision making skills are based on emotions
5 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality Your characteristics make you different from everyone else and form your personalityYour personality plays a key role in your mental and emotional health. It is unique and makes you who you are.The three most important factors that influence your personality are:Heredity, relationships and Environmentin which you grow up
6 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality Understanding Self-Concept The view that you have of yourself is called your self-concept.Healthy self concept is when a teen is able to accurately be aware of their strengths and weaknesses and try to improve them.Some teens, however, focus only on what they see as their faults.
7 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality Self Esteem is one factor that is closely related to your self-concept.The way you feel about your body, your mind, your emotions, and your interactions with others are all part of your self-esteem.High self-esteem enhances self-confidence whereas low self esteem causes depression and other mental health issuesSelf confidence is a person’s belief in his or her strengths and abilities.Like self-concept, self-esteem also comes from positive and negative messages that a person receives from others. It is also affected by messages that a person sends to himself or herself. The negative messages that a person sends to himself or herself can block out positive messages from others.
8 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality Benefits of healthy Self-Esteem Accepting constructive feedbackRespecting your health and the health of othersExplain the benefits of self-esteem listed on the slide using the following points.Respecting your health and the health of others. When you respect yourself, you pay attention to your health, safety, and appearance.Showing responsibility. You accept responsibility for yourself and act responsibly toward others.Having self-confidence. You believe in your abilities and are willing to try new activities, even if you do not always succeed.Seeing the positive side. When negative events occur, you have a positive attitude and outlook.Accepting constructive feedback. You can accept and learn from constructive feedback.Seeing the positive sideShowing responsibilityHaving self-confidence
9 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality People with high self-esteem are more likely to practice good health habits and avoid harmful behaviors.People with low self esteem are more likely to try drugs and make other poor, un-healthy and risky behaviors in order to fit in or hid their feelingsYou can work to improve your self-esteem and self-confidence.
10 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality To build your self-esteem and self-confidence:Set realistic goals for yourself.Recognize your strengths.Ask for help when you need it.Learn to accept constructive feedback.Learn from mistakes and failures, but don’t dwell on them.Develop positive character traits.Explain the tips on the slide using the following points.Set realistic goals for yourself. Meeting a goal takes planning and effort. You must break down your goals into short-term goals and long-term goals to help track progress.Recognize your strengths. Make a list of what you’re good at, and work to develop new skills.Ask for help when you need it. Accept your limitations and find someone who can help you reach your goal.Learn to accept constructive feedback. Try to focus on the problem and not take the criticism personally. Listen carefully, and ask questions if you need to.Learn from mistakes and failures, but don’t dwell on them. Look at mistakes as opportunities to grow and improve.Develop positive character traits. These include being honest, having integrity, standing by your values, being responsible, and respecting the dignity of others.
11 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality Respect people’s individual differences by:Trying to avoid judging people according to your own culture, environment, age, and background.Recognizing the values that have been formed by people’s families, personal experiences, and other sources.Appreciating unique qualities in individuals.Consider the other person’s views and feelings when making a decision that might affect them.Tell students that following these strategies will enhance their relationships and their health. Another strategy for showing respect for others is to focus on their strengths, not their weaknesses.
12 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality : Attitudes and Behavior Your attitudes and behavior affect your mental and emotional health.Positive attitudes lead you to practice behaviors that promote your health.Negative thoughts and feelings may lead you to behave in ways that harm your mental and emotional health.
13 Self Concept, Self Esteem and Personality Creating a Positive Cycle Changing BehaviorThis teen has never worked with clay before. Although she feels uncertain about her ability, she decides to give it a try.Click to show how teens can approach challenges in a positive way.Changing ThoughtsNow that she has experienced success, she is more likely to experiment with other new activities.Changing FeelingsHer efforts earn her encouragement from others, so she feels more confident.
14 Understanding Your Emotions and Feelings Emotions cause feelings but are often combined and the terms used inter-changeably —They effect every aspect of your personality and all areas of PISES/wellnessAlthough you can’t stop yourself from feeling emotions, you can figure out healthy ways to deal with and express them.
15 Understanding Your Emotions and Feelings To be able to manage and express emotions in positive ways, you need to recognize what you feel.Although you can often identify emotions, you may sometimes find that many different emotions are tangled up together.When teens find their emotions tangled together, they should stop and think about how they are feeling and why. Then they can begin to deal with their emotions.
16 Expressing Your Emotions and Feelings Everyone reacts differently to certain situations.Some people have no difficulty talking about their feelings.Others may reveal their emotions in a subtle way through their body language.Others act our violently towards othersNo matter how you have been taught to manage your emotions, you can learn to express them in healthy ways.Often people express their emotions in the same ways that their family members do.
17 Expressing Your Emotions and Feelings : Dealing with Fear and Anger If not managed effectively, fear and anger can lead to harmful behaviors.To manage fear, try the following:Talk about it.Laugh.Relax.Plan ahead of time how you will deal with a situation that frightens you.
18 Expressing Your Emotions and Feelings : Dealing with Fear and Anger To handle anger in a healthful way:Take a deep breath and calm down or “take a break”.Focus on what made you angry, and think of how to express your true feelings.If you are angry with someone, calmly tell the person how you feel.If you are angry with a situation, talk it over with a trusted adult, or with a friend.Use other anger control techniques such as exercise, sustained deep breathing, writing about it, etc.
19 Coping with Change Everyone experiences change – it is a part of life. Although most changes have positive results, each one involves some type of loss.Sometimes the loss causes you to feel grief or sorrow.Have students give examples of positive changes that involve loss.
20 Coping with Change (cont’d.) Emotional and physical reactions involved in the grieving process include the following:Shock and denialAnger and resentmentHurtInadequacyFear and anxietyGuiltDepressionPhysical symptomsAcceptanceExplain the information on the slide using the following points.Shock and denial. You refuse to accept the reality of the loss.Anger and resentment. You are angry about the loss, and you may direct your anger at other people.Hurt. You feel mental and emotional pain over the loss.Inadequacy. You feel that you cannot deal with the loss.Fear and anxiety. You feel afraid.Guilt. You blame yourself for the loss or feel you could have prevented it.Depression. You feel intense sadness.Physical symptoms. You feel ill.Acceptance. You accept the reality of the loss and adjust to it.Emotions associated with grief have value and can help one come to terms with one’s loss. To do this, one needs to work through emotions such as hurt, anger, and fear. Ignoring these emotions will not help one overcome them.
21 Avoiding Unhealthful Behaviors When teens become confused by their emotions, they may deal with their feelings in unhealthful ways.These unhealthful behaviors can damage physical, mental/emotional, and social health.Fear, a sense of rejection, sadness, or boredom may lead teens to use drugs or alcohol, strike out at others, overeat or refuse to eat, or engage in other risk behaviors.
22 Avoiding Unhealthful Behaviors (cont’d.) Coping strategies can help you maintain a positive attitude when dealing with strong emotions.Writing a journal can help you figure out what you feel and why.Exercising or talking to a friend can help you blow off steam or combat boredom.Doing volunteer work or taking up a new hobby can help you redirect your emotion into positive activities.