Presentation on theme: "暑假班國小加註英語專長六學分班 Schedule for the first two weeks: Speaking Domain"— Presentation transcript:
1 暑假班國小加註英語專長六學分班 Schedule for the first two weeks: Speaking Domain D1 08/05 Introduction to ESL/EFL SpeakingD2 08/06 Speaking for Beginning Level LearnersD3 08/07 English Pronunciation I: Vowels + ConsonantsD4 08/12 English Pronunciation II: Vowels + ConsonantsD5 08/13 Appropriation ActivitiesD6 08/14 The Board Game Project Due
3 What is Speaking?Language Input (Listening + Reading) vs. Language Output (Speaking +Writing)Speaking (utterances) is the most difficult of the four language skills. Why?Consists of producing systematic verbal utterances to convey meaning.Is an interactive process of constructing meaning that involves producing and receiving and processing information.Is often spontaneous, open-ended, and evolving.BUT is not completely unpredictable.
5 Linguistic Competence Ters help Lers develop Linguistic competences.Communicative competence (mid 1970s)Interact w/ others, make meaningSociolinguistic competence ( )Use language appropriately in contexts (ex. register, word choice, politeness strategies)Strategic competenceUse strategies to compensate for gaps in skills and knowledgeDiscourse competence (2000-): how sentence elements are tied togetherCohesion (文句中reference一致性), coherence (上下文語意的一致性)
6 Abstracts for Cohesion+Coherence A: Hey, Brian, how’s it going?B: Wow! I just had a test and it was really hard!A: Oh, What was the test about?B: Statistics! All those formulas are so confusing!A: Yeah, I don’t like that stuff either.CoherenceA: Going to the review session?B: Basketball practice.
7 Teaching Speaking The Grammar-Translation Method The Direct Method The Audiolingual Method/AudiolingualismThe Silent WaySuggestopaediaCommunity Language LearningThe Communicative Approach/Communicative Language TeachingTotal Physical Response
8 Assessing Speaking Validity Reliability Practicality test what we intended to measureReliabilityconsistency between different ratersPracticalityResources we have, ex. time, money, personnelWashback/Instructional ImpactPositive or negative?
9 Types of Assessment for Speaking Direct TestsOral interviews, conversations, unscripted role-playsIndirect TestsPhoneme discrimination testsConversational cloze testsSemi-Direct TestsRecording tests (speaking sessions in GEPT)
10 How to Evaluate Speaking Objective ScoringScored by people or computer?Only one correct answer?Holistic RatingsRating scale?Pass or No-Pass/CT or Non CTAnalytic RatingsOn sub-skills: vocabulary, grammar pronunciation, fluency…