Presentation on theme: "Introduction Smoking is one of the worst things kids or adults can do to their bodies. Yet every single day nearly 4,400 kids between the ages 12 and 17."— Presentation transcript:
1 IntroductionSmoking is one of the worst things kids or adults can do to their bodies. Yet every single day nearly 4,400 kids between the ages 12 and 17 start smoking.
2 Tobacco Use in the United States Nearly 443,000 Americans die annually of tobacco-related diseases.Another 10 million suffer tobacco-induced health disorders.Tobacco causes about 25 diseases, and about half of all regular smokers die of smoking-related diseases.
3 Tobacco Use Worldwide: 3,000,000 deaths annually one every 10 sec 1 billion people smoke about 6 trillion cigarettes a year
4 Tobacco and Social Issues Advertising$35 million is spent daily on advertising and promotion.Campaigns are directed at everyone, but about 90% are directed at children and teens.Financial Costs to SocietyTobacco use causes more than $193 billion in annual health-related economic issues.For each smoker, the cost is about $3,391 per year.
5 Why do tobacco companies target kids? Tobacco industry “needs” to replace 3,000 smokers who die or quit each dayVery small percentage of smokers begin after teens
10 College Students and Tobacco Use Heavy tobacco marketing and advertising is aimed at students, but smoking among college students is declining.Why do college students smoke?To relax or reduce stressTo fit in/social pressureBecause of addictionWeight controlStudents diagnosed or treated for depression are 7.5 times more likely to use tobacco
11 College Students and Tobacco Use Social smokingMany students identify themselves as social smokers: those that smoke only around other smokers.This can lead to dependence and all the same health risks as smoking regularly.
12 Tobacco and Its Effects NicotineHighly addictive, psychoactive substanceCNS stimulant (produces a variety of physiological effects)In its natural form, it’s colorless liquid that turns brown upon exposure to airTar and Carbon MonoxideTar is the carcinogenic particulate matter.Nicotine paralyzes cilia, which become unable to clear out tar.Carbon monoxide is a deadly gas that reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells.Tobacco AddictionNicotine poisoning
13 Tobacco and Its Effects Tar and Carbon MonoxideTar is the carcinogenic particulate matter.Nicotine paralyzes cilia, which become unable to clear out tar.Carbon monoxide is a deadly gas that reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells.Tobacco AddictionNicotine poisoningSmoking gets drug to brainin just few seconds
14 Tobacco Products Cigarettes Cigars Bidis Smokeless tobacco Switching to low-tar or low-nicotine is self-defeating because the smoker may smoke more.Clove cigarettes contain 60% tobacco.CigarsContain 23 poisons and 43 carcinogens.BidisProduce 3 times more carbon monoxide and nicotine and 5 times more tar than cigarettes.Smokeless tobaccoChewing tobaccoSnuff
18 Health Hazards of Tobacco Products - Cancer Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death.It can take years to develop and most cases are not diagnosed until the cancer has spread.Five year survival rate is only 16%.Smoking just one cigar a day can double the risk of oral cancers.Chewing tobacco is responsible for 75% of new oral cancers, which can begin as leukoplakia.Warning signs include lumps in the jaw or neck, color changes or lumps inside the lips, white smooth or scaly patches in the mouth or neck, lips or tongue; a red spot or sore on the lips, gums, or inside the mouth that does not heal in 2 weeks.Other tobacco-induced cancers: pancreatic, kidney, bladder, lip, tongue, esophagus, and larynx
20 Male smokers die an average of 13.2 years earlier than male nonsmokers Female smokers die an average of 14.5 years earlier than female nonsmokers
21 Health Hazards of Tobacco Products – Cardiovascular Disease Smokers have a 70% higher death rate from heart disease than do non-smokers.Daily cigar smoking doubles the risk of heart attack and stroke.Bidi smokers are at the same risk.Smokers are twice as likely to suffer strokes.Quitting reduces risk by half after only 1 year.
22 Other Health Hazards of Tobacco Products Respiratory DisordersChronic bronchitisEmphysemaSexual Dysfunction and Fertility ProblemsMales are twice as likely to suffer impotence as are females.Women are likely to suffer infertility and problems with pregnancy.Other Health EffectsGum disease, macular degeneration, premature skin wrinkling, and risk of Alzheimer's diseaseMetabolism of drugs affected
24 Environmental Tobacco Smoke Mainstream—smoke drawn through tobacco while inhalingSidestream—smoke from the burning end of a cigarette or smoke exhaled by a smokerContains twice as much tar and nicotine, 5 times more carbon monoxide, and 50 times more ammonia than mainstream smoke.Causes more deaths a year than any other environmental pollutant.Every year, ETS is estimated to be responsible for 3,400 lung cancer deaths, 46,000 coronary and heart disease deaths, and 430 SIDs deaths in newborns.
25 Tobacco Use and Prevention Policies It has been over 40 years since the government recognized the hazard of tobacco use.In 1998, the tobacco industry reached a Master's Settlement Agreement with 40 states.The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (2009) forbids advertising geared to children, forbids nicotine reduction, and bans sweetened cigarettes.Smokeless tobacco ads must have a warning that fills 20% of the advertising space.Cigarette packages will have bigger, stronger warnings after June 22, 2001.
26 Secondhand Smoke Exposure Is secondhand smoke toxic?Secondhand smoke contains poisons.You breathe in more than 4,000 chemicals when you are around someone who is smoking.The chemicals found in secondhand smoke hurt your health, and many are known to cause cancer.
27 Secondhand Smoke Exposure What problems does secondhand smoke create for youth?Secondhand smoke harms children.Children who are around smoke are more likely to have the following:Lung problemsEar infectionsSevere asthma
33 ABC News Video: Smash the Ash Discussion QuestionsWhy is it so hard for smokers to quit?How do hand movements reinforce smoking behavior?Why are advertisements to stop smoking not effective?What approach does Dr. Oz have to stop smoking?For what reasons do people quit smoking?What are some real-world tips to quit smoking?
36 Quitting Smoking Breaking the Smoking Habit Benefits of Quitting Operant conditioningSelf-control therapyBenefits of QuittingMany tissues will repair themselves, according to the American Cancer Society.Gain more energy, sleep better, and feel more alertWomen less likely to bear babies with low birth weightCan save about $1, per year