Presentation on theme: "PERSPECTIVES ON EFFICIENT LEADERSHIP AN EVOLVING VIEW CHAPTER 5 PAGES 171-184 Brandon Cruz Elizabeth Honeywell Dale Lendrum Jennifer Niccoli Erick Puente."— Presentation transcript:
PERSPECTIVES ON EFFICIENT LEADERSHIP AN EVOLVING VIEW CHAPTER 5 PAGES 171-184 Brandon Cruz Elizabeth Honeywell Dale Lendrum Jennifer Niccoli Erick Puente
TRAITS PERSPECTIVE: THE BORN LEADER “Heroic Model” of leadership Leaders are born, not made Leadership is a person, not a process
TRAITS Traits - relatively enduring characteristics of an individual that highlight differences between people and that are displayed in most situations. Physical traits Personality traits Can you name a few?
Laissez-faire style AKA “The Do Nothing Approach”; a non- leadership style, group leaders avoid decision making and taking action
Democratic style A leadership style which encourages group participation, and seeks a balance between task and social dimensions of the group i.e. Voting for the president
Autocratic Style AKA “My word is the law”; a highly directive style of leadership that exerts control over group members i.e. Vladimir Putin (Forbes List #3 most powerful man in the world)
SITUATIONAL (CONTINGENCY) PERSPECTIVE Matching styles with circumstances “It Depends” approach Leaders with strong confidence perform at high levels
HERSEY AND BLANCHARD MODEL OF EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP Three variables of the Situational Model 1.Guidance & Direction 2.Relationship support provided by leader 3. Readiness level
LEADERSHIP STYLES 1.Telling Style – high task, low relationship 2.Selling style – high task, high relationship 3.Participating style – low task, high relationship 4.Delegating style – low task, low relationship
Readiness - the extent to which a follower demonstrates the ability and willingness to accomplish a specific task. Ability : the knowledge, experience and skill that an individual or group brings to a particular task or activity. Willingness : the extent to which an individual or group has the confidence, commitment, and motivation to accomplish a specific task.
FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE Performing the functions and responsibilities leads to success.
GROUP PROCEDURAL RESPONSIBILITIES Plan an agenda Handle routine “housekeeping” details Prepare for next meeting
TASK RESPONSIBILITIES 1.Initiate a solid structure 2.Seek information 3.Give information 4.Offer informed opinions 5.Clarify, summarize and elaborate
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES Facilitate involvement and communication Harmonize – establish a supportive climate (confronting disruptive members) Express feelings – when appropriate and promotes a supportive environment
Leadership - certain functions or responsibilities that must be performed for the group to be successful Task and Maintenance - functions essential to a group Leader as Completer - leaders performing essential functions within a group that other members have failed to perform Vital Functions - leaders performing key responsibilities different in kind and/or degree from other members
SERVANT LEADERSHIP PERSPECTIVE Albert Dunlap – ethical leader or cold blooded businessman?
PRINCIPLES OF ETHICAL LEADERSHIP Q: A leader who focuses on the needs of the followers and helps them to become more knowledgeable, more free, autonomous, and more like servants themselves is a…?
SERVANT LEADERSHIP 5 elements of communication ethics: 1.Scrupulously honest 2.Respectful and fair toward others 3.Provides choices when possible 4.Responsible for helping group achieve goals in ethically acceptable ways 5.A servant leader must be a moral leader
CULTURE & LEADERSHIP ARE LEADERSHIP THEORIES UNIVERSAL? “American in character” Prevailing theories/98% of empirical evidence suggest so Leadership behaviors Can they be universally applied across cultures? Why or why not? Some universally accepted, some culturally specific In what cultures might “American in Character” leadership theories be inappropriate?
GLOBE RESEARCH PROJECT REVEALED Collaborative Group 170 scholars worldwide 62 cultures studied 17,300 individuals studied 951 organizations The amount of status accorded leaders vary widely among cultures. A number of countries idealize strong leaders Others, such as Scandinavian countries are skeptical for fear of abuse of power.
Some Universals Exist Trustworthy and honest Planning ahead/Foresight Positive and encouraging Motivating and dynamic Informed and Communicative Effective Leaders adapt to changing situations Leadership and communication competence are inextricably bound GLOBE RESEARCH PROJECT REVEALED
BEFORE WE ADJOURN… Q:Do Hitler, Stalin and Charles Manson qualify as servant leaders?