today we will… -Estimate healthy portions of small animal food accurately -Recognize nutritional issues such as malnutrition and obesity in cats and dogs -Describe body condition scoring (BCS) for cats and dogs and healthy feeding practices -Assess data to determine if the class accurately estimated healthy portions of small animal
Animals are not receiving recommended healthy proportional diets. Is this an issue of incorrectly measuring?
Malnutrition Obesity Lack of proper nutrition Starvation and dehydration Increases rate of disease Deficiency in essential nutrients Increase in body weight due to excessive accumulation of fat Over feeding Lack of exercise Can cause diabetes, heart and liver disease
Body Condition Scoring Determines the condition of the animal’s body. Ideal animal bodies have a balanced ratio of body fat and muscle mass.
How to feed different species The amount of food animal should eat depends on the amount of energy they will spend.
Caloric intake V. Energy Spent Calories= Energy What is 100 Calories to me? What is 100 Calories to my small animal?
Feeding Dogs Feeding Cats Dry kibble is great Semi-moist and canned foods are available Require more protein than dogs from dry kibble Will be come deficient in protein if eat dog food **Cats need MEAT**
What is the BIGGEST reason for small animal obesity? A. Feeding a cheap cat/dog food B. Over feeding and ignoring the recommendations C. Not enough exercise D. Watching too much animal planet
Which is WORSE: Malnutrition or Obesity? A. Malnutrition B. Obesity C. Neither D. Both are just as damaging
Tyler’s puppy has a BCS of 5. Would you suggest Tyler feed any differently? A. No, that is the ideal BCS B. Yes, he is probably over feeding, his puppy should be a 3. C. No, you cannot do a BCS until 2 years of age D. Yes, he is probably underfeeding, his puppy should be a 7.
Marie found a kitten in the park that is very under weight. What is NOT a good idea when feeding the kitten? A. Provide a meal/cat food with meat B. Read the cat food label and feed the recommended amount C. Don’t follow the cat food label until the kitten has gained weight D. Contact a vet for a BCS
Bailey and Stella are dogs who eat different foods. Bailey likes to sneak around and steal Stella’s food, after she’s already eaten her own food. What could result if Bailey’s owner didn’t manage her unhealthy behavior and diet? A. Stella will become malnourished B. Nothing will change C. Bailey will become malnourished D. Bailey could become obese
today we … -Estimated healthy portions of small animal food accurately -Recognized nutritional issues such as malnutrition and obesity in cats and dogs -Described body condition scoring (BCS) for cats and dogs and healthy feeding practices -Assessed data to determine if the class accurately estimated healthy portions of small animal
Lets Watch a video! AVMA Pet Nutrition- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8mbNjpZuNM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8mbNjpZuNM Preventing Dog Obesity- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sz8WcKdUOQQ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sz8WcKdUOQQ