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Presentation on theme: "FINE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT Kimberly Ward CEPD 8102-NO2."— Presentation transcript:


2 What is the importance of fine motor development?  “According to Montessori theory, the hand leads the mind.” (Stewart, Rule, & Giordano, 2007).  Predictor of the academic success in later grades.  Support children with attention difficulties.  Increase academic performance.

3 What are fine motor skills?  The development of the small muscle groups in the hands.  The ability to coordinate the hand and eye in order to accomplish specific tasks.  “The delicate manipulation of objects.” (Drew, 2008)

4 What is appropriate development of fine motor skills?  By the end of 5 years old children should be able to…  Copy triangles and other geometric patterns.  Dress and undress without assistance.  Use a fork, spoon, and (sometimes) a table knife. (CDC, 2010)

5 What are fine motor development warning signs?  The child is unable …  To build a tower of six to eight blocks.  To properly grasp and control a pencil or crayon.  To cut on a line. (CDC, 2010)

6 What are the causes of fine motor deficits?  Birth defects.  Developmental disabilities.  Lack of preschool experience.  Lack of experiences in the home environment.

7 What are examples of birth defects and developmental disabilities?  Autism  Cerebral Palsy  Vision Impairment  Intellectual Disabilities

8 What are the signs of vision impairments?  If vision impairments are present a child may…  Hold a book too close to his face.  Make errors when copying from the board.  Display a short attention span in reading or copying.

9 How does lack of home and preschool experiences affect fine motor skills?  Large amounts of time watching television.  Little time involved in fine motor activities such as building with blocks, making puzzles, and coloring.  Children have few materials used for fine motor development.

10 How do fine motor activities help with attention difficulties?  Child participation in fine motor activities during the school day and manipulation of fine motor toys while completing assignments can…  Produce more time on task.  Produce more questions answered.  Produce more questions answered correctly.

11 What can be done to improve fine motor development?  Children should be actively involved in activities requiring the use of the hands and eyes.  Play a game of jacks or a game of toss with a ball.  Play games using tools such as clothespins, tongs, or tweezers to pass or move objects.  Manipulate clay to create different shapes and objects.

12 Why should teachers be concerned with fine motor development?  Recognize warning signs for intervention.  Support children with attention difficulties.  Increase academic performance.  Improve life skills of children.

13 References American Academy of Pediatrics (2009, November 23). Child care settings may double total TV time for young children. Retrieved from Children.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000- 000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3A+No+local+token Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). Developmental Disabilities. Retrieved from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). Learn the signs. Act early. Retrieved from Drew, S. (2008). Take Ten. United Kingdom: LDA Learning Kercood, S., Grskovic, J. A., Lee, D. L., & Emmert, S. (2007). The effects of fine motor movement and tactile stimulation on the math problem solving of students with attention problems. Journal of Behavioral Education, 16(4), 303-310. doi:10.1007/s10864- 007-9042-1

14 References Luo, Z., Jose, P., Huntsinger, C., & Pigott, T. (2007). Fine motor skills and mathematics achievement in east asian american and european american kindergartners and first graders. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 25(4), 595-614. doi:10.1348/026151007X185329 Grissmer, D., Grimm, K., Aiyer, S., Murrah, W., & Steele, J. (2010). Fine motor skills and early comprehension of the world: Two new school readiness indicators. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1008-1017. doi:10.1037/a0020104 Stewart, R. A., Rule, A. C., & Giordano, D. A. (2007). The effect of fine motor skill activities on kindergarten student attention. Early Childhood Education Journal, 35(2), 103-109. doi:10.1007/s10643-007-0169-4 Santrock, J. W. (2008). Essentials of life-span development. New York: McGraw-Hill.

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