Presentation on theme: " IDEA is a federal law that helps millions of children with disabilities to receive special services designed to meet their unique needs Under IDEA."— Presentation transcript:
IDEA is a federal law that helps millions of children with disabilities to receive special services designed to meet their unique needs Under IDEA in Pennsylvania, the following age groups and program are covered: Early Intervention Ages infants, toddlers and preschool children Special Education and Related Services School age (Kindergarten thru 21 years of age)
Children receive a full individual evaluation that includes the following: Free of cost Determine a disability category Learn more about what services the child might benefit from If there is a suspected disability, The parent should contact a pediatrician who should be able to assist in finding an evaluating agency.
A plan created by the IEP team: teachers, administrators, parents and sometimes the student This plan focuses on: Current academic and functional (i.e. behavior, medical, attendance, etc.) levels Annual Measureable Goals Related Services (i.e. speech, occupational therapy) Accommodations This plan is reviewed annually by the IEP team
When the student reaches 14 years old, the IEP Team is required to develop a Transition Plan for one or more of the following: Postsecondary Education & Training Employment Independent Living
Medical Diagnosis Disability Categories A physician (one who graduated from medical school) gives a child a diagnosis after parent input and physical examination. Dyslexia Anxiety Disorder Bipolar Disorder Medical condition (Section 504 Plan) There are many possible medical diagnosis! These are classifications that are identified by a school psychologist and an interdisciplinary team. There are 13 categories under IDEA. Often, students who are identified will have an IEP developed for them.
Under IDEA, there are 13 disability categories. Remember… IDEA disability is different than a medical disability.
Developmental disability that affects verbal/nonverbal communication and social interaction. “Autism” comes from the Greek word “auto” which means self.
A disorder that impacts how the brain is able to learn concepts and use skills in reading, math or writing. Often, students with SLD experience difficulty in at least one area (i.e. reading, math or writing). This disability does not reflect a student’s IQ. Anyone from the very bright to the very low functioning can have a SLD.
This disability makes it difficult for a student to communicate their thoughts and feelings clearly. This could include stuttering or a voice impairment.
An impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term include both partial sight and blindness.
Deaf-Blindness Means the combination of hearing and visual impairments that causes severe communication issues. Deafness Means a hearing impairment so severe that a child has trouble learning. Intellectual Disability Means very low functioning intellectual ability. Multiple Disabilities Means a combination of disabilities such as intellectual disability with blindness or intellectual disability with orthopedic impairment. This term does not include deaf-blindness.