2 Political MachineOffers services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial supportEx. Jobs, contracts, social services, community centersCity Boss: controlled city jobs, influenced courts, built parks, sewers, distributed money to schools, hospitals, etc.
3 How Political Machines Worked Top: City Boss (Boss Tweed)-> controlled the machine Middle: Ward Boss-> all precincts in district wide voting Bottom: Party loyalists (precinct workers)-> gain voter’s support in precinct
4 City BossesFraudMaking up names of votersGraft: illegal use of political influence for personal gainKickbacks, bribes, illegal activitiesBoss Tweed: William M Tweed, leader of New York City’s powerful Democratic political machine; Tammany HallLed large group of corrupt politiciansLarge kickbacks on courthouseThomas Nast made public aware with political cartoons
5 Corruption at the National Level Patronage: giving government jobs to people who helped get a candidate electedAlso known as the spoils systemNot everyone was qualifiedCould be used for personal gainReform took place under presidents, Hayes, Garfield, and ArthurPendleton Civil Service Act of 1883: created bipartisan committee to appoint federal employees