# Why are some countries more developed than others?

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Why are some countries more developed than others?
Demographics Why are some countries more developed than others?

Your Theory Write a theory that gives at least one reason why some countries are more developed than others.

Demographics Demo= people Graph= to write
Demographics are numbers (statistics) that tell us about the level of development. Geographers look at how demographic information like population growth, population density, birth rate, life expectancy, literacy rate, per capita GDP to understand the overall health, wealth and development of a country

Section Outline Outline chapter 3 section 1 of your Prentice Hall World Geography text book. Use an idea map/web format with the word “population” in the center. 1. Draw three spokes out from the word population and write the main ideas from (bold red headings) at the end of each line. 2. Create more branches off the main spokes by using the green subheadings. 3. fill in details around the branches with details from the body of the text. Keep in mind that nouns that answer the question what, where, when, who are usually important details that can be connected to the subheadings

World Population Cartogram
A cartogram distorts land to match some demographic variable. In this case the size of the country is in proportion to it’s population

Distribution of World Population
Over one half of the world’s population lives in Asia

Population Growth by Region
Africa doesn’t have the most people but it is the fastest growing continent. At present growth rates of By 2050 the countries of Africa will have a combined population of over 2 billion. In 1950 there were two Europeans for every African. In 2050 there will be two African’s for every European.

Largest Populations Country population China 1.3 billion India
U.S. 304 million Indonesia 232 million Brazil 187 million Pakistan 163 million Bangladesh 159 million Nigeria 148 million Russia 142 million The darker the color, the more people that live there.

Student Practice Color the countries with the biggest populations on your map

Arithmetic Density Divide the number of people in a place by the size of the place Example: United States Population (300 million) divided by it’s land size (3,717,796 square miles) Answer: people per square mile in the United States

Student Practice What is the arithmetic density of the classroom?
What is the physiological density of the classroom? Color the ten most densely populated countries the same color on your map. Which countries are the biggest and the most densely populated?

Population Density Country Population Land area Population Density
China 1.3 billion 9.6 km 138 (75) India 1.1 billion 3.3 km 336 (33) U.S. 304 million 31 (180) Indonesia 232 million 1.9 km 117 (89) Brazil 187 million 8.5 km 22 (192) Pakistan 163 million 796,000 198 (58) Bangladesh 159 million 143,998 1,045 (11) Nigeria 148 million 1.0 km 142 (74) Russia 142 million 17 km 8 (220)

How Accurate is Arithmetic Density?
Is population distributed evenly? What might cause populations to cluster closer together or spread further apart? access to water arable soil landforms

What kinds of climate do most people live in?
Population Density World Climates

Physiological Density
Physiological density is the number of people per arable land area. This is a good measure of the relation between population and agricultural resources in a society.

What makes populations grow?
Populations grow when births are high and deaths are low.

Demographic Transition Model
What causes the changes in each stage? Demographic Transition Model Stage 1: Hunting and Gathering, nomadic herding Stage 2: Farming Stage 3: Manufacturing (developing) Stage 4: Services (developed)

Demographic Comparisons Assignment
Objective: Determine which countries are developed, developing and less developed. Instructions: 1-Choose one country from the list of countries on the data chart. 2-Compare it’s birthrate, infant mortality, life expectancy, literacy and per capita GDP with the examples on the sheet titled “Demographic Comparisons.” 3. Write that country under the example that it matches most closely in at least three categories.

World Birthrates Birth’s per 1,000 people

Number of Undernourished (million)
Country Number of Undernourished (million) India 217.05 China 154.0 Bangladesh 43.45 Democratic Republic of Congo 37.0 Pakistan 35.2 Ethiopia 31.5 Tanzania 16.1 Philippines 15.2 Brazil 14.4 Indonesia 13.8 Vietnam Thailand 13.4 Nigeria 11.5 Kenya 9.7 Sudan 8.8 Malnutrition

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)
Rank Country Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births) 1 Angola 182.31 2 Sierra Leone 156.48 3 Afghanistan 154.67 4 Liberia 143.89 5 Niger 115.42 218 Iceland 3.25 219 Hong Kong 2.93 220 Japan 2.80 221 Sweden 2.75 222 Singapore 2.30 Infant Mortality

Life Expectancy What factors effect a person’s health?
██ over 80 ██  ██  ██  ██  ██  ██  ██ 60-65 ██ 55-60 ██ 50-55 ██ 45-50 ██ 40-45 ██ under 40 ██ not available What factors effect a person’s health? What is the relationship between health and development?

What is the relationship between population growth and literacy?
Country Population Growth Rate Literacy Rank Liberia 4.83% 57.5% 152 United Arab Emirates 3.99% 77.9% 94 Burundi 3.59% 67.3% 143 Uganda 3.57% 66.8% 144 Kuwait 3.56% 93.3% 72 Yemen 3.46% 50% 155 DRC (Congo) 3.39% 67% 109 Oman 3.23% 81.4% 117

Where are the most literate countries?

High Literacy and Population Growth
Pop growth rank Georgia 100% -1.85 227 Cuba % -.01 207 Estonia % -.035 219 Poland % -.15 213 Latvia % -.52 222 Slovenia 99.7% 203 Belarus % -.55 224 Lithuania99.6% -.53 223 Armenia 99.5% -.23 214

Per Capita GDP Blue =high (\$30,000 +)
green =high middle (\$15,000-\$30,000) purple =low middle (\$1,000-\$15,000) red = low (less than \$1000)

What is the relationship between population growth and wealth?
Country Population Growth Rate PC GDP GDP rank Liberia 4.83% \$229 176 United Arab Emirates 3.99% \$42,934 16 Burundi 3.59% \$128 178 Uganda 3.57% \$363 166 Kuwait 3.56% \$41,268 20 Yemen 3.46% \$972 132 DRC (Congo) 3.39% \$166 177 Oman 3.23% \$12,643 40 Only 40 out of 225 countries make over \$20,000 per year

World’s Richest Countries and Population Growth
Country Per Capita GDP Growth % Growth Rank Luxembourg \$99,225 1.21 111 Norway \$79,798 .36 163 Qatar \$72,740 2.39 39 Iceland \$64,651 .82 133 Ireland \$61,644 1.14 117 Denmark \$56,820 .31 167 Switzerland \$54,787 .38 161 United States \$45,793 .89 129 Finland \$45,070 .13 184