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Immigration to America

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Presentation on theme: "Immigration to America"— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration to America
A Summary

2 Coming to America! Between , 40 million people emigrated to the USA For most the journey was hard and consisted of two weeks in the cheapest class of travel with little or no privacy There was also no guarantee that they would be allowed in!

3 Who were the Americans? Immigration had made the USA a very mixed society America was like ‘a melting pot’ The idea was that the immigrants lost their old identity and became AMERICANS! Old Immigrants. These were the first European settlers from Britain, Germany and Scandinavia. Their descendants tended to hold the best jobs, the most money and political power- WASPs

4 Who were the Americans? Native American Indians. These people originally lived across the whole of the continent. Between they were forced off their land By 1917 many Indians lived in reservations across America Black Americans. In the C18th and C19th millions of Africans were brought to America to work as slaves. By 1920 there were 11 million Black people living in America

5 Who were the Americans? Southern and Eastern Europeans. In the late C19th most new immigrants came from Russia, Poland and Italy. Many were Jews and Catholics. Hispanics Asians

6 Open Door Policy – mass immigration encouraged by the USA up to the 1920s.
This made entry into the country as easy as possible.

7 “Push” factors An attempt to get away from the poverty of the home country. A desire to escape persecution. Economic depression and new machinery led to unemployment lack of opportunity, class dominated society

8 “Pull”factors The promise of tolerance towards religion and the chance to practice their faith safely. The lure of plentiful land and the prospect of owning property. The hope of a better life for themselves and their families. A sense of adventure in the land of opportunity.


10 Ellis Island

11 Immigrants arrive More than 70% of immigrants to America arrived at Ellis Island. At times as many as 5000 people per day would pass through immigration control. For most, the processing, which involved medical and legal examinations, took between 3 and 5 hours. However, some were sent home.

12 The move towards a ‘closed door’ policy
‘Old’ immigrants (those from northern & western Europe) came to resent the ‘new’ immigrants (those from southern and eastern Europe). This was because: They were often poor Many could not speak English and were illiterate Many were Catholic or Jewish After WWI many were frightened of ‘foreigners’ As a result, the government moved to restrict immigration

13 Tasks 1. Make a list of the push and pull factors that influenced migration. Use these headings to help you : Geography Opportunity Employment Freedom 2. Answer either 2A or 2B from the the information sheet. 3)Define the following words in detail. - immigrant, Ellis Island, Statue of Liberty, Open door policy, Closed door policy.

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